PDL BioPharma, Inc.
PDL BIOPHARMA, INC. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/04/2016 16:22:32)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549  
FORM 10-Q
 
  (Mark One)
ý
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
OR
¨
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For transition period from               to            
Commission File Number: 000-19756
 
PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
94-3023969
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
932 Southwood Boulevard
Incline Village, Nevada 89451
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)
(775) 832-8500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes   ý     No   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ý
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller reporting company ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes   ¨     No   ý
As of April 25, 2016 , there were 165,114,611 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.




  PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
2016 Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
 
 
Page
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS (as used in this document)
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2016, and December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
We own or have rights to certain trademarks, trade names, copyrights and other intellectual property used in our business, including PDL BioPharma and the PDL logo, each of which is considered a trademark. All other company names, product names, trade names and trademarks included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are trademarks, registered trademarks or trade names of their respective owners.

2



GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Abbreviation/term
 
Definition
 
 
 
'216B Patent
 
European Patent No. 0 451 216B
'761 Patent
 
U.S. Patent No. 5,693,761
AbbVie
 
AbbVie Biotherapeutics, Inc.
Accel 300
 
Accel 300, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of kaléo
AcelRx
 
AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
AcelRx Royalty Agreement
 
Royalty Interest Assignment Agreement, dated September 18, 2015, between PDL and AcelRx
Alphaeon
 
ALPHAEON Corporation
APIC
 
Additional paid-in-capital
ARIAD
 
ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ARIAD Royalty Agreement
 
Royalty Interest Assignment Agreement, dated July 28, 2015, between PDL and ARIAD
ARIAD Royalty Rights
 
The right to receive specified royalties on ARIAD’s Net Revenues (as defined in the ARIAD Royalty Agreement) generated by the sale, distribution or other use of ARIAD’s product Iclusig ®  (ponatinib)
ASC
 
Accounting Standards Codification
ASU
 
Accounting Standards Update
Avinger
 
Avinger, Inc.
Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement
 
Credit Agreement, dated April 18, 2013, between PDL and Avinger
AxoGen
 
AxoGen, Inc.
AxoGen Royalty Agreement
 
Revenue Interests Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 5, 2012, between PDL and AxoGen
Biogen
 
Biogen, Inc.
CareView
 
CareView Communications, Inc.
Chugai
 
Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Depo DR Sub
 
Depo DR Sub, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Depomed
Depomed
 
Depomed, Inc.
Depomed Royalty Agreement
 
Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of October 18, 2013, among Depomed, Depo DR Sub and PDL
Direct Flow Medical
 
Direct Flow Medical, Inc.
Durata
 
Collectively, Durata Therapeutics Holding C.V., Durata Therapeutics International B.V. and Durata Therapeutics, Inc. (parent company)
EBITDA
 
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization
Elan
 
Elan Corporation, PLC
EPO
 
European Patent Office
ex-U.S.-based Manufacturing and Sales
 
Products that are both manufactured and sold outside of the United States
ex-U.S.-based Sales
 
Products that are manufactured in the United States and sold outside of the United States
Facet
 
Facet Biotech Corporation. In April 2010, Abbott Laboratories acquired Facet and later renamed the company Abbott Biotherapeutics Corp., and in January 2013, Abbott Biotherapeutics Corp. was renamed AbbVie and spun off from Abbott Laboratories as a subsidiary of AbbVie Inc.
FASB
 
Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDA
 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
February 2015 Notes
 
2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due February 15, 2015, fully retired at September 30, 2013
February 2018 Notes
 
4.0% Convertible Senior Notes due February 1, 2018
GAAP
 
U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Genentech
 
Genentech, Inc.
Genentech Products
 
Avastin ® , Herceptin ® , Lucentis ® , Xolair ® , Perjeta ®  and Kadcyla ®
Genzyme
 
Genzyme Corporation (a Sanofi company)
Hyperion
 
Hyperion Catalysis International, Inc.
IRS
 
Internal Revenue Service
kaléo
 
kaléo, Inc. (formerly known as Intelliject, Inc.)

3



kaléo Revenue Interests
 
100% of the royalties from kaléo’s first approved product, Auvi-Q™ (epinephrine auto-injection, USP) (known as Allerject in Canada) and 10% of net sales of kaléo’s second proprietary auto-injector based product, EVZIO (naloxone hydrochloride injection), collectively
KMPG
 
KPMG, LLP
LENSAR
 
LENSAR, Inc.
Lilly
 
Eli Lilly and Company
March 2015 Term Loan
 
Term Loan borrowed under the Credit Agreement, dated as of March 30, 2015, among PDL, the Royal Bank of Canada and lenders thereto, fully retired on February 12, 2016
May 2015 Notes
 
3.75% Senior Convertible Notes due May 2015, fully retired on May 1, 2015
Merck
 
Merck & Co., Inc.
Michigan Royalty Agreement
 
Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of November 6, 2014, between The Regents of the University of Michigan and PDL
New LENSAR
 
LENSAR, LLC a wholly-owned subsidiary of Alphaeon (formerly known as Lion Buyer LLC)
Novartis
 
Novartis AG
OCI
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Paradigm Spine
 
Paradigm Spine, LLC
Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement
 
Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement, dated February 14, 2014, between Paradigm Spine and the Company
PDL, we, us, our, the Company
 
PDL BioPharma, Inc.
Queen et al. patents
 
PDL's patents in the United States and elsewhere covering the humanization of antibodies
Roche
 
F. Hoffman LaRoche, Ltd.
Salix
 
Salix Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Santarus
 
Santarus, Inc.
SDK
 
Showa Denka K.K.
SEC
 
Securities and Exchange Commission
Series 2012 Notes
 
2.875% Series 2012 Convertible Senior Notes, fully retired on February 15, 2015
Settlement Agreement
 
Settlement Agreement between and among PDL, Genentech and Roche, dated January 31, 2014
SPCs
 
Supplementary Protection Certificates
SPC Products
 
Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair and Tysabri
Spin-Off
 
The spin-off by PDL of Facet
Takeda
 
Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.
U-M
 
University of Michigan
Valeant Pharmaceuticals
 
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.
VB
 
Viscogliosi Brothers, LLC
VB Royalty Agreement
 
Royalty Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of June 26, 2014, between VB and PDL
VWAP
 
Volume-weighted average share price
Wellstat Diagnostics
 
Wellstat Diagnostics, LLC
Wellstat Diagnostics Borrower Notice
 
A notice of default to Wellstat Diagnostics, due to, inter alia, its ongoing failure to pay its debts as they became due and Wellstat Diagnostics' failure to comply with certain covenants included in the first amendment to amended and restated credit agreement by the deadlines to which the parties had agreed
Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor Notice
 
A notice to each of the guarantors of Wellstat Diagnostics' obligations to the Company under the credit agreement
Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors
 
Some or all of: Samuel J. Wohlstadter; Nadine H. Wohlstadter; Duck Farm, Inc.; Hebron Valley Farms, Inc.; HVF, Inc.; Hyperion Catalysis EU Limited; Hyperion; NHW, LLC; Wellstat AVT Investment, LLC; Wellstat Biocatalysis, LLC; Wellstat Biologics Corporation; Wellstat Diagnostics; Wellstat Immunotherapeutics, LLC; Wellstat Management Company, LLC; Wellstate Opthalmics Corporation; Wellstat Therapeutics Corporation; Wellstat Therapeutics EU Limited; Wellstat Vaccines, LLC; and SJW Properties, Inc.
Wellstat Diagnostics Note Receivable and Credit Agreement
 
Senior Secured Note receivable among the Company and the holders of the equity interests in Wellstat Diagnostics, as amended, and Credit Agreement between Wellstat Diagnostics and the Company, dated November 2, 2012, as amended
Wellstat Diagnostics Petition
 
An Ex Parte Petition for Appointment of Receiver with the Circuit Court of Montgomery County, Maryland

4



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM  1.         FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
 
 
 
 
Royalties from Queen et al. patents
 
$
121,455

 
$
127,810

Royalty rights - change in fair value
 
(27,102
)
 
11,362

Interest revenue
 
8,964

 
10,534

License and other
 
(193
)
 

Total revenues
 
103,124

 
149,706

 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

General and administrative
 
9,846

 
7,666

Operating income
 
93,278

 
142,040

 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating expense, net
 
 

 
 

Interest and other income, net
 
113

 
86

Interest expense
 
(4,550
)
 
(8,610
)
Total non-operating expense, net
 
(4,437
)
 
(8,524
)
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
 
88,841

 
133,516

Income tax expense
 
32,954

 
49,018

Net income
 
$
55,887

 
$
84,498

 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.52

Diluted
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.50

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
163,701

 
162,829

Diluted
 
163,835

 
170,412

 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.05

 
$
0.60

 
 See accompanying notes.

5



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
55,887

 
$
84,498

 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 

 
 

Change in unrealized gains on investments in available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of investments in available-for-sale securities, net of tax
 
107

 
(38
)
Adjustment for net (gains) losses realized and included in net income, net of tax
 
(124
)
 

Total change in unrealized gains on investments in available-for-sale securities, net of tax (a)
 
(17
)
 
(38
)
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of cash flow hedges, net of tax
 

 
5,668

Adjustment to royalties from Queen et al. patents for net (gains) losses realized and included in net income, net of tax
 
(1,821
)
 
(669
)
Total change in unrealized losses on cash flow hedges, net of tax (b)
 
(1,821
)
 
4,999

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
(1,838
)
 
4,961

Comprehensive income
 
$
54,049

 
$
89,459

 ______________________________________________
(a) Net of tax of ($9) and ($20) for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.
(b) Net of tax of ($981) and $2,692 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.

See accompanying notes.

6



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(unaudited)
 
(Note 1)
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
290,650

 
$
218,883

Short-term investments
1,306

 
1,469

Deferred tax assets

 
981

Notes receivable
84,615

 
58,398

Prepaid and other current assets
607

 
2,979

Total current assets
377,178

 
282,710

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
22

 
31

Royalty rights - at fair value
354,881

 
399,204

Notes and other receivables, long-term
287,241

 
306,507

Long-term deferred tax assets
26,358

 
16,172

Other assets
9,695

 
7,581

Total assets
$
1,055,375

 
$
1,012,205

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
662

 
$
394

Accrued liabilities
7,253

 
8,009

Accrued income taxes
21,019

 
3,372

Term loan payable

 
24,966

Total current liabilities
28,934

 
36,741

 
 
 
 
Convertible notes payable
230,850

 
228,862

Other long-term liabilities
53,060

 
50,650

Total liabilities
312,844

 
316,253

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 10,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 350,000 shares authorized; 165,115 and 164,287 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively
1,651

 
1,643

Additional paid-in capital
(117,205
)
 
(117,983
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
418

 
2,256

Retained earnings
857,667

 
810,036

Total stockholders' equity
742,531

 
695,952

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
1,055,375

 
$
1,012,205

See accompanying notes.

7



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
55,887

 
$
84,498

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Amortization of convertible notes and term loan offering costs
2,461

 
4,066

Change in fair value of royalty rights - at fair value
27,102

 
(11,362
)
Change in fair value of derivative asset
329

 

Other amortization, depreciation and accretion of embedded derivative
9

 
10

Gain on sale of available-for-sale securities
(136
)
 

Stock-based compensation expense
786

 
501

Deferred income taxes
(8,215
)
 
3,343

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Receivables from licensees and other

 
300

Prepaid and other current assets
(430
)
 
(6,396
)
Accrued interest on notes receivable
(1,951
)
 
(2,594
)
Other assets
(2,439
)
 
11

Accounts payable
268

 
297

Accrued liabilities
(1,169
)
 
(1,081
)
Accrued income taxes
17,647

 
(3,293
)
Other long-term liabilities
2,357

 
3,546

Net cash provided by operating activities
92,506

 
71,846

Cash flows from investing activities
 

 
 

Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities
273

 

Proceeds from royalty rights - at fair value
17,221

 
938

Purchase of notes receivable
(5,000
)
 

Net cash provided by investing activities
12,494

 
938

Cash flows from financing activities
 

 
 

Proceeds from term loan

 
100,000

Repurchase of convertible notes

 
(22,337
)
Payment of debt issuance costs

 
(607
)
Repayment of term loan
(25,000
)
 

Cash dividends paid
(8,233
)
 
(24,549
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(33,233
)
 
52,507

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
71,767

 
125,291

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period
218,883

 
291,377

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
290,650

 
$
416,668

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information
 

 
 

Cash paid for income taxes
$
22,000

 
$
52,000

Cash paid for interest
$
5,001

 
$
6,332

Stock issued to settle debt
$

 
$
9,794

Warrants received for notes receivable
$
443

 
$

See accompanying notes.

8



PDL BIOPHARMA, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2016
(Unaudited)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information. The financial statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments), that management of PDL believes are necessary for a fair presentation of the periods presented. These interim financial results are not necessarily indicative of results expected for the full fiscal year or for any subsequent interim period.
 
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2015 , included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015 , has been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements at that date, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of PDL and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Our accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Management Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Notes Receivable and Other Long-Term Receivables

We account for our notes receivable at both amortized cost, net of unamortized origination fees, if any, and as dependent on collateral when the loan for which repayment is expected to be provided solely by the underlying collateral. For loans accounted for at their amortized cost, related fees and costs are recorded net of any amounts reimbursed. Interest is accreted or accrued to "Interest revenue" using the effective interest method. When and if supplemental payments are received from certain of these notes and other long-term receivables, an adjustment to the estimated effective interest rate is affected prospectively.

We evaluate the collectability of both interest and principal for each note receivable and loan to determine whether it is impaired. A note receivable or loan is considered to be impaired when, based on current information and events, we determine it is probable that we will be unable to collect amounts due according to the existing contractual terms. When a note receivable or loan is considered to be impaired, the amount of loss is calculated by comparing the carrying value of the financial asset to the value determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at the loan's effective interest rate or to the estimated fair value of the underlying collateral, less costs to sell, if the loan is collateralized and we expect repayment to be provided solely by the collateral. Impairment assessments require significant judgments and are based on significant assumptions related to the borrower's credit risk, financial performance, expected sales, and estimated fair value of the collateral.

Convertible Notes

We issued our Series 2012 Notes, May 2015 Notes and February 2018 Notes with a net share settlement feature, meaning that upon any conversion, the principal amount will be settled in cash and the remaining amount, if any, will be settled in shares of our common stock. In accordance with accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets upon conversion, we separated the principal balance between the fair value of the liability component and the common stock conversion feature using a market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument at the date of issuance.


9



Queen et al. Royalty Revenues

Under our Queen Patent license agreements, the Company receives royalty payments based upon our licensees’ net sales of covered products. Generally, under these agreements we receive royalty reports from our licensees approximately one quarter in arrears, that is, generally in the second month of the quarter after the licensee has sold the royalty-bearing product. We recognize royalty revenues when we can reliably estimate such amounts and collectability is reasonably assured. Under this accounting policy, the royalty revenues we report are not based upon our estimates and such royalty revenues are typically reported in the same period in which we receive payment from our licensees.

The Company also received annual maintenance fees from licensees of our Queen et al. patents prior to patent expiry as well as periodic milestone payments. We have no performance obligations with respect to such fees. Maintenance fees were recognized as they became due and when payment was reasonably assured. Total annual maintenance and milestone payments in each of the last several years have been less than 1% of total revenue.

Although the last of our Queen et al. patents expired in December 2014, we have received royalties beyond expiration based on the terms of our licenses and our legal settlement. Under the terms of the legal settlement between Genentech and PDL, the first quarter of 2016 is the last period for which Genentech will pay royalties to PDL for Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair, Kadcyla and Perjeta. Royalty payments for Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair, Kadcyla and Perjeta accounted for 86% of the $121.5 million Queen et al. royalty revenue recognized in the first quarter of 2016. Other products from the Queen et al. patent licenses entitle us to royalties following the expiration of our patents with respect to sales of licensed product manufactured prior to patent expiry in jurisdictions providing patent protection licenses. The amount of royalties we are due for product manufactured prior to patent expiry but sold after patent expiry is uncertain; however, the Company's revenues from payments made from these Queen et al. patent licenses and settlements will materially decrease in the second quarter of 2016. The continued success of the Company will become more dependent on the timing and our ability to acquire new income generating assets in order to provide recurring revenues going forward and to support the Company's business model and ability to pay dividends.

Royalty Rights - At Fair Value

Currently, we have elected to account for our investments in royalty rights at fair value with changes in fair value presented in earnings. The fair value of the investments in royalty rights is determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. These assets are classified as Level 3 assets within the fair value hierarchy as our valuation estimates utilize significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the related products. Transaction-related fees and costs are expensed as incurred.

The changes in the estimated fair value from investments in royalty rights along with cash receipts each reporting period are presented together on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as a component of revenue under the caption, “Royalty rights - change in fair value.”

Customer Concentration
 
The percentage of total revenue recognized, which individually accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues, was as follows:

 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Licensee
 
Product Name
 
2016
 
2015
Genentech
 
Avastin
 
38
%
 
26
%
 
 
Herceptin
 
38
%
 
25
%
 
 
Xolair
 
13
%
 
7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Biogen
 
Tysabri ®
 
14
%
 
10
%

Foreign Currency Hedging
 
From time to time, we may enter into foreign currency hedges to manage exposures arising in the normal course of business and not for speculative purposes.


10



Most recently, we hedged certain Euro-denominated currency exposures related to royalties associated with our licensees’ product sales with Euro forward contracts. In general, those contracts are intended to offset the underlying Euro market risk in our royalty revenues. The last of those contracts expired in the fourth quarter of 2015 and was settled in the first quarter of 2016. We designated foreign currency exchange contracts used to hedge royalty revenues based on underlying Euro-denominated licensee product sales as cash flow hedges.

At the inception of each hedging relationship and on a quarterly basis, we assess the hedge effectiveness. The fair value of the Euro forward contracts was estimated using pricing models with readily observable inputs from actively quoted markets and was disclosed on a gross basis. The aggregate unrealized gains or losses, net of tax, on the effective component of the hedge was recorded in stockholders’ equity as "Accumulated other comprehensive income." Realized gains or losses on cash flow hedges are recognized as an adjustment to royalty revenue in the same period that the hedged transaction impacts earnings as royalty revenue. Any gain or loss on the ineffective portion of our hedge contracts is reported in "Interest and other income, net" in the period the ineffectiveness occurs.

Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes is determined using the asset and liability approach. Tax laws require items to be included in tax filings at different times than the items are reflected in the financial statements. A current liability is recognized for the estimated taxes payable for the current year. Deferred taxes represent the future tax consequences expected to occur when the reported amounts of assets and liabilities are recovered or paid. Deferred taxes are adjusted for enacted changes in tax rates and tax laws. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will not be realized.

The Company recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such positions are then measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) comprises net income adjusted for other comprehensive income (loss), using the specific identification method, which includes the changes in unrealized gains and losses on cash flow hedges and changes in unrealized gains and losses on our investments in available-for-sale securities, all net of tax, which are excluded from our net income.

Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs , which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. This ASU requires retrospective adoption and is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of 2016. The Company adopted this update in the first quarter of 2016 resulting in an immaterial impact on its unaudited condensed consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows. At December 31, 2015, the Company had $4.0 million in unamortized debt expense that was classified as a long-term asset and reclassified as a contra liability included in long-term debt. As of March 31, 2016, long-term debt included a contra liability of $3.5 million for unamortized debt expense previously recognized as a long-term asset.

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes , which amends existing guidance on income taxes to require the classification of all deferred tax assets and liabilities as non-current on the balance sheet. ASU No. 2015-17 was adopted on a prospective basis by the Company in the first quarter of 2016, thus resulting in the reclassification of $1.0 million of current deferred tax liabilities to non-current on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. The prior reporting period was not retrospectively adjusted. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial positions or cash flows.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers . The updated standard will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in GAAP when it becomes effective and permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. In August 2015, the FASB issued an update to defer the effective date of this update by one year. The updated standard becomes effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, but allows the Company to adopt the standard one year earlier if it so chooses. The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is

11



currently evaluating the effect that the updated standard will have on its unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures, and is therefore unable to determine the impact on the Company's unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases , which seeks to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by, among other things, recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  For public entities, ASU No. 2016-02 becomes effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted.  The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of ASU No. 2016-02 and assessing the impact, if any, it may have on the Company’s unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting , intended to improve the accounting for share-based payment transactions as part of its simplification initiative. The new guidance mainly requires entities to record all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies as an income tax benefit or expense in the income statement. The recognition of excess tax benefits and deficiencies and changes to diluted earnings per share are to be applied prospectively while a cumulative-effective adjustment in retained earnings would be made for tax benefits that had not previously been recognized and potential changes to forfeiture recognition.  Cash flow presentation changes can be applied prospectively or retrospectively. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. Upon adoption, the ASU may result in approximately $7.5 million cumulative-effect adjustment in retained earnings associated with tax benefits that were not previously recognized. The Company is continuing to evaluate the impact of the updated standard on its consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

2. Net Income per Share
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
Net Income per Basic and Diluted Share:
 
2016
 
2015
  (in thousands except per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
Income used to compute net income per basic and diluted share
 
$
55,887

 
$
84,498

 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 

 
 

Total weighted average shares used to compute net income per basic share
 
163,701

 
162,829

Restricted stock outstanding
 
134

 
28

Effect of dilutive stock options
 

 
18

Assumed conversion of Series 2012 Notes
 

 
666

Assumed conversion of warrants
 

 
1,927

Assumed conversion of May 2015 Notes
 

 
4,944

Shares used to compute net income per diluted share
 
163,835

 
170,412

 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share - basic
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.52

Net income per share - diluted
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.50


We compute net income per diluted share using the sum of the weighted-average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding. Common equivalent shares used in the computation of net income per diluted share include shares that may be issued under our stock options and restricted stock awards, the Series 2012 Notes and the May 2015 Notes on a weighted average basis for the period that the notes were outstanding, including the effect of adding back interest expense and the underlying shares using the if converted method. In the first quarter of 2012, $179.0 million aggregate principal of the February 2015 Notes was exchanged for the Series 2012 Notes, and in the third quarter of 2013, $1.0 million aggregate principal of the February 2015 Notes was exchanged for the Series 2012 Notes and the February 2015 Notes were retired. In the first quarter of 2014, $131.7 million aggregate principal of the Series 2012 Notes was retired in a privately negotiated exchange and purchase agreement, and in the fourth quarter of 2014, the Company entered into a privately negotiated exchange agreement under which it retired approximately $26.0 million in principal of the outstanding Series 2012 Notes. In the first quarter of 2015, the Company completed the retirement of the remaining $22.3 million of aggregate principal of its Series 2012 Notes.

12




In May 2011, we issued the May 2015 Notes, and in January and February 2012 we issued the Series 2012 Notes. The Series 2012 Notes and May 2015 Notes were net share settled, with the principal amount settled in cash and the excess settled in our common stock. The weighted-average share adjustments related to the Series 2012 Notes and May 2015 Notes, shown in the table above, include the shares issuable in respect of such excess.

In the second quarter of 2015, the Company completed the retirement of the remaining $155.1 million of aggregate principal of its May 2015 Notes. Concurrently with the retirement of the May 2015 Notes, we exercised our purchased call options and received 5.2 million of PDL's common shares, which was the amount equal to the number of shares required to be delivered by us to the note holders for the excess conversion value (Note 9).

May 2015 Notes Purchase Call Option and Warrant Potential Dilution

We excluded from our calculation of net income per diluted share zero and zero shares for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, for warrants issued in 2011, because the exercise price of the warrants was lower than the average market price of our common stock and thus, no stock was issuable upon conversion. Our purchased call options, issued in 2011, will always be anti-dilutive and therefore zero and 27.1 million shares were excluded from our calculations of net income per diluted share for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, because they have no effect on net income per diluted share. For information related to the conversion rates on our convertible debt, see Note 9.

February 2018 Notes Purchase Call Option and Warrant Potential Dilution

We excluded from our calculation of net income per diluted share 23.8 million and 29.0 million shares for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , for warrants issued in February 2014, because the exercise price of the warrants exceeded the VWAP of our common stock and conversion of the underlying February 2018 Notes is not assumed, therefore no stock would be issuable upon conversion. These securities could be dilutive in future periods. Our purchased call options, issued in February 2014, will always be anti-dilutive and therefore 26.9 million and 32.7 million shares were excluded from our calculation of net income per diluted share for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , because they have no effect on net income per diluted share. For information related to the conversion rates on our convertible debt, see Note 9.

Anti-Dilutive Effect of Stock Options and Restricted Stock Awards

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , we excluded approximately 1,039,000 and 233,000 shares underlying restricted stock awards, respectively, calculated on a weighted average basis, from our net income per diluted share calculations because their effect was anti-dilutive.

  3. Fair Value Measurements

The fair value of our financial instruments are estimates of the amounts that would be received if we were to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date or exit price. The assets and liabilities are categorized and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

Level 1 – based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
 
Level 2 – based on quoted market prices for similar assets and liabilities, using observable market-based inputs or unobservable market-based inputs corroborated by market data; and
 
Level 3 – based on unobservable inputs using management’s best estimate and assumptions when inputs are unavailable.


13



The following tables present the fair value of our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the valuation hierarchy.
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
199,546

 
$

 
$

 
$
199,546

 
$
94,801

 
$

 
$

 
$
94,801

Corporate securities
 

 
1,306

 

 
1,306

 

 
1,469

 

 
1,469

Foreign currency hedge contracts
 

 

 

 

 

 
2,802

 

 
2,802

Warrants
 

 
656

 
443

 
1,099

 

 
984

 

 
984

Royalty rights - at fair value
 

 

 
354,881

 
354,881

 

 

 
399,204

 
399,204

Total
 
$
199,546

 
$
1,962

 
$
355,324

 
$
556,832

 
$
94,801

 
$
5,255

 
$
399,204

 
$
499,260

 
There have been no transfers between levels during each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 . The Company recognizes transfers between levels on the date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer.

Corporate Securities

Corporate securities consist primarily of U.S. corporate equity holdings. The fair value of corporate securities is estimated using recently executed transactions or market quoted prices, where observable. Independent pricing sources are also used for valuation.

Royalty Rights - At Fair Value

Depomed Royalty Agreement

On October 18, 2013, PDL entered into the Depomed Royalty Agreement, whereby the Company acquired the rights to receive royalties and milestones payable on sales of Type 2 diabetes products licensed by Depomed in exchange for a $240.5 million cash payment. Total arrangement consideration was $241.3 million , which was comprised of the $240.5 million cash payment to Depomed and $0.8 million in transaction costs.

The rights acquired include Depomed’s royalty and milestone payments accruing from and after October 1, 2013: (a) from Santarus (which was subsequently acquired by Salix, which itself was recently acquired by Valeant Pharmaceuticals) with respect to sales of Glumetza (metformin HCL extended-release tablets) in the United States; (b) from Merck with respect to sales of Janumet ® XR (sitagliptin and metformin HCL extended-release tablets); (c) from Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. with respect to potential future development milestones and sales of its investigational fixed-dose combination of Invokana ® (canagliflozin) and extended-release metformin tablets; (d) from Boehringer Ingelheim with respect to potential future development milestones and sales of the investigational fixed-dose combinations of drugs and extended-release metformin subject to Depomed’s license agreement with Boehringer Ingelheim; and (e) from LG Life Sciences and Valeant Pharmaceuticals for sales of extended-release metformin tablets in Korea and Canada, respectively.

Under the terms of the Depomed Royalty Agreement, the Company receives all royalty and milestone payments due under license agreements between Depomed and its licensees until the Company has received payments equal to two times the cash payment it made to Depomed, after which all net payments received by Depomed will be shared evenly between the Company and Depomed.

The Depomed Royalty Agreement terminates on the third anniversary following the date upon which the later of the following occurs: (a) October 25, 2021, or (b) at such time as no royalty payments remain payable under any license agreement and each of the license agreements has expired by its terms.

As of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , the Company determined that its royalty purchase interest in Depo DR Sub represented a variable interest in a variable interest entity. However, the Company does not have the power to direct the

14



activities of Depo DR Sub that most significantly impact Depo DR Sub's economic performance and is not the primary beneficiary of Depo DR Sub; therefore, Depo DR Sub is not subject to consolidation by the Company.

The financial asset acquired represents a single unit of accounting. The fair value of the financial asset acquired was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be generated by each licensed product. This financial asset is classified as a Level 3 asset within the fair value hierarchy, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future commercialization for products not yet approved by the FDA or other regulatory agencies. The discounted cash flows are based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed products over an eight-year period. The discount rates utilized range from approximately 21% to 25% . Significant judgment is required in selecting appropriate discount rates. At March 31, 2016 , an evaluation was performed to assess those rates and general market conditions potentially affecting the fair market value. Should these discount rates increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could decrease by $7.6 million or increase by $8.5 million, respectively. A third-party expert was engaged to help management develop its original estimate of the expected future cash flows. The estimated fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from those estimates. We periodically assess the expected future cash flows and to the extent such payments are greater or less than our initial estimates, or the timing of such payments is materially different than our original estimates, we will adjust the estimated fair value of the asset. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $3.6 million or decrease by $3.6 million, respectively.

When PDL acquired the Depomed royalty rights, Glumetza was marketed by Santarus. In January 2014, Salix acquired Santarus and assumed responsibility for commercializing Glumetza, which was generally perceived to be a positive development because of Salix's larger sales force and track record in the successful commercialization of therapies. In late 2014, Salix made a number of disclosures relating to an excess of supply at the distribution level of Glumetza and other drugs that it commercialized, the practices leading to this excess of supply which were under review by Salix's audit committee in relation to the related accounting practices. Because of these disclosures and PDL's lack of direct access to information as to the levels of inventory of Glumetza in the distribution channels, PDL commenced a review of all public statements by Salix, publicly available historical third-party prescription data, analyst reports and other relevant data sources. PDL also engaged a third-party expert to specifically assess estimated inventory levels of Glumetza in the distribution channel and to ascertain the potential effects those inventory levels may have on expected future cash flows. Salix was acquired by Valeant Pharmaceuticals in early April 2015. In mid-2015, Valeant Pharmaceuticals implemented two price increases on Glumetza. At year-end 2015, a third-party expert was engaged by PDL to assess the impact of the Glumetza price adjustments and near-term market entrance of manufacturer of generic equivalents to Glumetza to the expected future cash flows. Management revised based on the analysis performed the underlying assumptions used in the discounted cash flow analysis at year-end 2015. In February 2016, a manufacturer of generic equivalents to Glumetza entered the market. At March 31, 2016, management evaluated, with assistance of a third-party expert, the erosion of market share data, the gross-to-net revenue adjustment assumptions and Glumetza demand data. These data and assumptions are based on available but limited data. Our expected future cash flows at year-end 2015 anticipated a reduction in future cash flows of Glumetza as a result of the generic competition in 2016. However, based on the most recent demand and supply data of Glumetza it appears that the loss of market share progressed more rapidly than forecasted at year-end 2015.

As of March 31, 2016 , our discounted cash flow analysis reflects our expectations as to the amount and timing of future cash flows up to the valuation date. We continue to monitor whether the generic competition further affects sales of Glumetza and thus royalties on such sales paid to PDL. Due to the uncertainty around Valeant's marketing and pricing strategy, as well as the recent generic competition and limited historical demand data after generic market entrance, we may need to further reduce future cash flows in the event of more rapid reduction in market share of Glumetza. PDL exercised its audit right under the Depomed Royalty Agreement with respect to the Glumetza royalties in January 2016 and expects to conclude the audit in the second half of 2016.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $143.9 million and the maximum loss exposure was $143.9 million .

VB Royalty Agreement

On June 26, 2014, PDL entered into the VB Royalty Agreement, whereby VB conveyed to the Company the right to receive royalties payable on sales of a spinal implant that has received pre-market approval from the FDA, in exchange for a $15.5 million cash payment, less fees.

The royalty rights acquired includes royalties accruing from and after April 1, 2014. Under the terms of the VB Royalty Agreement, the Company receives all royalty payments due to VB pursuant to certain technology transfer agreements between

15



VB and Paradigm Spine until the Company has received payments equal to two and three tenths times the cash payment made to VB, after which all rights to receive royalties will be returned to VB. VB may repurchase the royalty right at any time on or before June 26, 2018, for a specified amount. The chief executive officer of Paradigm Spine is one of the owners of VB. The Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement and the VB Royalty Agreement were negotiated separately.

The fair value of the royalty right at March 31, 2016 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over an eight-year period. The discount rate utilized was approximately 17.5% . Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of this asset could decrease by $1.2 million or increase by $1.4 million, respectively. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $0.4 million or decrease by $0.4 million, respectively. A third-party expert was engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. The fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from our estimates. At each reporting period, an evaluation is performed to assess those estimates, discount rates utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $17.3 million and the maximum loss exposure was $17.3 million .

U-M Royalty Agreement

On November 6, 2014, PDL acquired a portion of all royalty payments of the U-M’s worldwide royalty interest in Cerdelga (eliglustat) for $65.6 million . Under the terms of the Michigan Royalty Agreement, PDL will receive 75% of all royalty payments due under U-M’s license agreement with Genzyme until expiration of the licensed patents, excluding any patent term extension. Cerdelga, an oral therapy for adult patients with Gaucher disease type 1, was developed by Genzyme, a Sanofi company. Cerdelga was approved in the United States on August 19, 2014, in the European Union on January 22, 2015 and in Japan in March 2015. In addition, marketing applications for Cerdelga are under review by other regulatory authorities.

The fair value of the royalty right at March 31, 2016 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over a seven-year period. The discount rate utilized was approximately 12.8% . Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of this asset could decrease by $5.6 million or increase by $6.3 million, respectively. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $1.8 million or decrease by $1.8 million, respectively. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. The fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from our estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rates utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $71.6 million and the maximum loss exposure was $71.6 million .

ARIAD Royalty Agreement

On July 28, 2015, PDL entered into the ARIAD Royalty Agreement, whereby the Company acquired the rights to receive royalties payable from ARIAD's net revenues generated by the sale, distribution or other use of Iclusig ® (ponatinib), a cancer medicine for the treatment of adult patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, in exchange for up to $200.0 million in cash payments. The purchase price of $100.0 million is payable in two tranches of $50.0 million each, with the first tranche funded on the closing date and the second tranche to be funded on the 12-month anniversary of the closing date. The ARIAD Royalty Agreement provides ARIAD with an option to draw up to an additional $100.0 million in up to two draws at any time between the six- and 12-month anniversaries of the closing date. ARIAD may repurchase the royalty rights at any time for a specified amount. Upon the occurrence of certain events, PDL has the right to require ARIAD to repurchase the royalty rights for a specified amount. Under the ARIAD Royalty Agreement, the Company has the right to a make-whole payment from ARIAD if the Company does not receive payments equal to or greater than the amounts funded on or prior to the fifth anniversary of each of the respective fundings. In such case, ARIAD will pay to the Company the difference between the amounts paid to such date by ARIAD (excluding any delinquent fee payments) and the amounts funded by the Company. PDL has elected the fair value

16



option to account for the hybrid instrument in its entirety. Any embedded derivative shall not be separated from the host contract.

Under the terms of the ARIAD Royalty Agreement, the Company receives royalty payments at a royalty rate ranging from 2.5% to 7.5% of Iclusig revenue until the first to occur of (i) repurchase of the royalty rights by ARIAD or (ii) December 31, 2033. The annual royalty payments shall not exceed $20.0 million in any fiscal year for the years ended December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2018. If Iclusig revenue does not meet certain agreed-upon projections on an annual basis, PDL is entitled to certain royalty payments from net revenue of another ARIAD product, brigatinib, up to the amount of the shortfall from the projections for the applicable year. 

The asset acquired pursuant to the ARIAD Royalty Agreement represents a single unit of accounting. The fair value of the royalty right at March 31, 2016 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over a seven-year period. The discount rate utilized was approximately 10.0% . Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of this asset could decrease by $7.9 million or increase by $9.1 million, respectively. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $1.3 million or decrease by $1.3 million, respectively. A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. The fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from our estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rates utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $50.2 million and the maximum loss exposure was $50.2 million .

AcelRx Royalty Agreement

On September 18, 2015, PDL entered into the AcelRx Royalty Agreement with ARPI LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of AcelRx, whereby the Company acquired the rights to receive a portion of the royalties and certain milestone payments on sales of Zalviso (sufentanil sublingual tablet system) in the European Union, Switzerland and Australia by AcelRx's commercial partner, Grünenthal, in exchange for a $65.0 million cash payment. Under the terms of the AcelRx Royalty Agreement, the Company will receive 75% of all royalty payments and 80% of the first four commercial milestone payments due under AcelRx's license agreement with Grünenthal until the earlier to occur of (i) receipt by the Company of payments equal to three times the cash payments made to AcelRx and (ii) the expiration of the licensed patents. Zalviso received marketing approval by the European Commission in September 2015. Grüenthal is expected to launch Zalviso in the Second quarter of 2016 and PDL will begin receiving royalties shortly thereafter.

As of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , the Company determined that its royalty rights under the agreement with ARPI LLC represented a variable interest in a variable interest entity. However, the Company does not have the power to direct the activities of ARPI LLC that most significantly impact ARPI LLC's economic performance and is not the primary beneficiary of ARPI LLC; therefore, ARPI LLC is not subject to consolidation by the Company.

The fair value of the royalty right at March 31, 2016 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over a fifteen-year period. The discount rate utilized was approximately 13.4% . Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of this asset could decrease by $10.2 million or increase by $12.8 million, respectively. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 2.5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $1.7 million or decrease by $1.7 million, respectively . A third-party expert is engaged to assist management with the development of its estimate of the expected future cash flows, when deemed necessary. The fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from our estimates. At each reporting period, an evaluation of those estimates, discount rates utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the asset acquired as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $69.6 million and the maximum loss exposure was $69.6 million .


17



Dr. Stephen Hoffman is the President of 10x Capital, Inc., a third-party consultant to the Company, and is also a member of the board of directors of AcelRx. Dr. Hoffman recused himself from the AcelRx board of directors with respect to the entirety of its discussions and considerations of the transaction. Dr. Hoffman is being compensated for his contribution to consummate this transaction by PDL as part of his consulting agreement. PDL concluded Dr. Hoffman is not considered a related party in accordance with FASB ASC 850, Related Party Disclosures and SEC Regulation S-X, Related Party Transactions Which Affect the Financial Statements .

Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement

On April 18, 2013, PDL entered into the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement, under which we made available to Avinger up to $40.0 million (of which only $20.0 million was funded) to be used by Avinger in connection with the commercialization of its lumivascular catheter devices and the development of Avinger's lumivascular atherectomy device. On September 22, 2015, Avinger elected to prepay the note receivable in whole for a payment of $21.4 million in cash.

Under the terms of the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement, the Company was entitled to receive royalties at a rate of 1.8% on Avinger's net revenues until the note was repaid by Avinger. Upon the repayment of the note receivable, which occurred on September 22, 2015, the royalty rate was reduced to 0.9% subject to certain minimum payments from the prepayment date until April 2018. The Company has accounted for the royalty rights in accordance with the fair value option. The fair value of the royalty right at March 31, 2016 , was determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis related to the expected future cash flows to be received. This asset is classified as a Level 3 asset, as our valuation utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates as to the probability and timing of future sales of the licensed product. The discounted cash flow was based upon expected royalties from sales of licensed product over a two-year period. The discount rate utilized was approximately 15.0% . Significant judgment is required in selecting the appropriate discount rate. Should this discount rate increase or decrease by 5%, the fair value of this asset could decrease by $113,000 or increase by $126,000, respectively. Should the expected royalties increase or decrease by 5%, the fair value of the asset could increase by $116,000 or decrease by $116,000, respectively. Management considered the contractual minimum payments when developing its estimate of the expected future cash flows. The fair value of the asset is subject to variation should those cash flows vary significantly from our estimates. An evaluation of those estimates, discount rates utilized and general market conditions affecting fair market value is performed in each reporting period.

As of March 31, 2016 , the fair value of the royalty asset as reported in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was $2.3 million and the maximum loss exposure was $2.3 million .

The following tables summarize the changes in Level 3 assets and the gains and losses included in earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2016 :

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
(in thousands)
 
Royalty Rights
 
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Fair value as of December 31, 2015
 
$
399,204

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value of financial instruments purchased
 

 
443

 
Total net change in fair value for the period
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of royalty rights - at fair value
 
(27,102
)
 

 
 
Proceeds from royalty rights - at fair value
 
(17,221
)
 

 
 
 
Total net change in fair value for the period
 
(44,323
)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value as of March 31, 2016
 
$
354,881

 
$
443


18




Gains and losses included in earnings for each period are presented in "Royalty rights - change in fair value" as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
(in thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
Total change in fair value for the period included in earnings for assets held at the end of the reporting period
 
$
(27,102
)
 
$
11,362


Foreign Currency Hedge Contracts

The fair value of the foreign currency hedge contracts is estimated based on pricing models using readily observable inputs from actively quoted markets and are disclosed on a gross basis.

Warrants

Warrants consist primarily of purchased call options to buy U.S. corporate equity holdings and derivative assets acquired as part of note receivable investments. The fair value of the warrants is estimated using recently quoted market prices or estimated fair value of the underlying equity security and the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

The following tables present the fair value of assets and liabilities not subject to fair value recognition by level within the valuation hierarchy:

 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Fair Value
Level 3
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Fair Value
Level 3
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wellstat Diagnostics note receivable
 
$
50,191

 
$

 
$
53,670

 
$
50,191

 
$

 
$
55,970

Hyperion note receivable
 
1,200

 

 
1,200

 
1,200

 

 
1,200

LENSAR note receivable
 
43,909

 

 
44,573

 
42,271

 

 
42,618

Direct Flow Medical note receivable
 
56,934

 

 
56,640

 
51,852

 

 
51,992

Paradigm Spine note receivable
 
54,151

 

 
55,023

 
53,973

 

 
54,250

kaléo note receivable
 
146,754

 

 
145,533

 
146,778

 

 
146,789

CareView note receivable
 
18,717

 

 
20,128

 
18,640

 

 
19,495

Total
 
$
371,856

 
$

 
$
376,767

 
$
364,905

 
$

 
$
372,314

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

February 2018 Notes
 
$
230,850

*
$
220,570

 
$

 
$
228,862

*
$
197,946

 
$

March 2015 Term Loan
 

 

 

 
24,966

 

 
25,000

Total
 
$
230,850

 
$
220,570

 
$

 
$
253,828

 
$
197,946

 
$
25,000

* Effective January 1, 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-03 and changed its method of presentation relating to debt issuance cost. Prior to 2016, the Company's policy was to present these costs in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet, net of accumulated amortization. Beginning in 2016, the Company has presented these fees as a direct deduction to the related debt. As a result, we reclassified $3.5 million and $4.0 million of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, from other assets, which are currently presented as a direct deduction to the February 2018 Notes.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , the estimated fair values of our Paradigm Spine note receivable, kaléo note receivable, Hyperion note receivable, Avinger note receivable, LENSAR note receivable, CareView note receivable and Direct Flow Medical note receivable, were determined using one or more discounted cash flow models, incorporating expected

19



payments and the interest rate extended on the notes receivable, with fixed interest rates and incorporating expected payments for notes receivable with a variable rate of return. In some instances the carrying values of certain notes receivable differed from their estimated fair market values. This is generally the result of discount rates used when performing a discounted cash flow for fair value valuation purposes.

When deemed necessary we engage a third-party valuation expert to assist in evaluating our investments and the related inputs needed for us to estimate the fair value of certain investments. We determined our notes receivable assets are Level 3 assets as our valuations utilized significant unobservable inputs, including estimates of future revenues, discount rates, expectations about settlement, terminal values and required yield. To provide support for the estimated fair value measurements, we considered forward-looking performance related to the investment and current measures associated with high yield indices, and reviewed the terms and yields of notes placed by specialty finance and venture firms both across industries and in similar sectors.

The Wellstat Diagnostics Note Receivable and Credit Agreement, as amended and restated, is secured by substantially all assets and equity interests in Wellstat Diagnostics. In addition, the note is subject to a guaranty from the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors. The estimated fair value of the collateral assets was determined by using an asset approach and discounted cash flow model related to the underlying collateral and was adjusted to consider estimated costs to sell the assets.

On March 31, 2016 , the carrying values of several of our notes receivable differed from their estimated fair value. This is the result of discount rates used when performing a discounted cash flow for fair value valuation purposes. We determined these notes receivable to be Level 3 assets, as our valuations utilized significant unobservable inputs, estimates of future revenues, expectations about settlement and required yield. To provide support for the fair value measurements, we considered forward-looking performance, and current measures associated with high yield and published indices, and reviewed the terms and yields of notes placed by specialty finance and venture firms both across industries and in a similar sector.

The fair values of our convertible notes were determined using quoted market pricing or dealer quotes.

4. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
 
As of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , we had invested our excess cash balances primarily in money market funds, and a corporate equity security. Our securities are classified as available-for-sale and are carried at estimated fair value, with unrealized gains and losses reported in "Accumulated other comprehensive income" in stockholders’ equity, net of estimated taxes. See Note 3 for fair value measurement information. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. To date, we have not experienced credit losses on investments in these instruments, and we do not require collateral for our investment activities.

Summary of Cash and Available-For-Sale Securities
 
 Adjusted Cost
 
 Unrealized Gains
 
 Unrealized Losses
 
 Estimated Fair Value
 
 Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Short-Term Investments
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
91,104

 
$

 
$

 
$
91,104

 
$
91,104

 
$

Money market funds
 
199,546

 

 

 
199,546

 
199,546

 

Corporate securities
 
663

 
643

 

 
1,306

 

 
1,306

Total
 
$
291,313

 
$
643

 
$

 
$
291,956

 
$
290,650

 
$
1,306

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
124,082

 
$

 
$

 
$
124,082

 
$
124,082

 
$

Money market funds
 
94,801

 

 

 
94,801

 
94,801

 

Corporate securities
 
799

 
670

 

 
1,469

 

 
1,469

Total
 
$
219,682

 
$
670

 
$

 
$
220,352

 
$
218,883

 
$
1,469


For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we recognized approximately $136,000 and $997,000 , on sales of available-for-sale securities.


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The unrealized gain on investments included in "Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax" was approximately $418,000 and $435,000 as of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015, respectively.

5. Foreign Currency Hedging

We designate the foreign currency exchange contracts used to hedge our royalty revenues based on underlying Euro-denominated sales as cash flow hedges. Euro forward contracts are presented on a net basis on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as we have entered into a netting arrangement with the counterparty. As of December 31, 2015 , all outstanding Euro forward contracts were classified as cash flow hedges. There were no Euro forward contracts outstanding as of March 31, 2016.

In January 2012, we modified our then-existing Euro forward and option contracts related to our licensees’ sales through December 2012 into Euro forward contracts with more favorable rates. Additionally, we entered into a series of Euro forward contracts covering the quarters in which our licensees’ sales occurred through December 2014. In October 2014, we entered an additional series of Euro forward contracts covering the quarters in which our licensees' sales occurred through December 2015.

During the third quarter of 2012, we reduced our forecasted exposure to the Euro for 2013 royalties. We de-designated and terminated certain forward contracts, due to our determination that certain cash flows under the de-designated contracts were not probable to occur, and recorded a gain of approximately $391,000 to "Interest and other income, net," which was reclassified from other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax effects. The termination of these contracts was effected through a reduction in the notional amount of the original hedge contracts.

The notional amounts, Euro exchange rates and fair values of our Euro forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges were as follows:

Euro Forward Contracts
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Currency
 
Settlement Price
($ per Euro)
 
Type
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
Euro
 
1.260
 
Sell Euro
 
$
16,500

 
$
2,802

 
 The location and fair values of our Euro forward contracts in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were as follows:

Cash Flow Hedge
 
Location
 
March 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Euro forward contracts
 
Prepaid and other current assets
 
$

 
$
2,802


The effect of our derivative instruments in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income were as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Net gain (loss) recognized in OCI, net of tax (1)
 
$

 
$
5,668

Gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated OCI into "Queen et al. royalty revenue," net of tax (2)
 
$
1,821

 
$
669

 _______________________________
(1) Net change in the fair value of cash flow hedges, net of tax.
(2) Effective portion classified as royalty revenue.


21



6. Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables

Notes and other long-term receivables included the following significant agreements:

Wellstat Diagnostics Note Receivable and Credit Agreement

In March 2012, the Company executed a $7.5 million two -year senior secured note receivable with the holders of the equity interests in Wellstat Diagnostics. In addition to bearing interest at 10% per annum, the note receivable gave PDL certain rights to negotiate for certain future financing transactions. In August 2012, PDL and Wellstat Diagnostics amended the note receivable, providing a senior secured note receivable of $10.0 million , bearing interest at 12% per annum, to replace the original $7.5 million note receivable. This $10.0 million note receivable was repaid on November 2, 2012, using the proceeds of the $40.0 million credit facility entered into with the Company on the same date.

On November 2, 2012, the Company and Wellstat Diagnostics entered into a $40.0 million credit agreement pursuant to which the Company was to accrue quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, PDL was to receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double-digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics' net revenues, generated by the sale, distribution or other use of Wellstat Diagnostics' products, if any, commencing upon the commercialization of its products.

In January 2013, the Company was informed that, as of December 31, 2012, Wellstat Diagnostics had used funds contrary to the terms of the credit agreement and breached Sections 2.1.2 and 7 of the credit agreement. PDL sent Wellstat Diagnostics a notice of default on January 22, 2013, and accelerated the amounts owed under the credit agreement. In connection with the notice of default, PDL exercised one of its available remedies and transferred approximately $8.1 million of available cash from a bank account of Wellstat Diagnostics to PDL and applied the funds to amounts due under the credit agreement. On February 28, 2013, the parties entered into a forbearance agreement whereby PDL agreed to refrain from exercising additional remedies for 120 days while Wellstat Diagnostics raised funds to capitalize the business and the parties attempted to negotiate a revised credit agreement. PDL agreed to provide up to $7.9 million to Wellstat Diagnostics to fund the business for the 120 -day forbearance period under the terms of the forbearance agreement. Following the conclusion of the forbearance period that ended on June 28, 2013, the Company agreed to forbear its exercise of remedies for additional periods of time to allow the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics to complete a pending financing transaction. During such forbearance period, the Company provided approximately $1.3 million to Wellstat Diagnostics to fund ongoing operations of the business. During the year ended December 31, 2013, approximately $8.7 million was advanced pursuant to the forbearance agreement.

On August 15, 2013, the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics completed a financing transaction to fulfill Wellstat Diagnostics' obligations under the forbearance agreement. On August 15, 2013, the Company entered into an amended and restated credit agreement with Wellstat Diagnostics. The Company determined that the new agreement should be accounted for as a modification of the existing agreement.

Except as otherwise described here, the material terms of the amended and restated credit agreement are substantially the same as those of the original credit agreement, including quarterly interest payments at the rate of 5% per annum (payable in cash or in kind). In addition, PDL was to continue to receive quarterly royalty payments based on a low double-digit royalty rate of Wellstat Diagnostics' net revenues. However, pursuant to the amended and restated credit agreement: (i) the principal amount was reset to approximately $44.1 million , which was comprised of approximately $33.7 million original loan principal and interest, $1.3 million term loan principal and interest and $9.1 million forbearance principal and interest; (ii) the specified internal rates of return increased; (iii) the default interest rate was increased; (iv) Wellstat Diagnostics' obligation to provide certain financial information increased in frequency to monthly; (v) internal financial controls were strengthened by requiring Wellstat Diagnostics to maintain an independent, third-party financial professional with control over fund disbursements; (vi) the Company waived the existing events of default; and (vii) the owners and affiliates of Wellstat Diagnostics were required to contribute additional capital to Wellstat Diagnostics upon the sale of an affiliate entity. The amended and restated credit agreement had an ultimate maturity date of December 31, 2021 (but has subsequently been accelerated as described below).

When the principal amount was reset, a $2.5 million reduction of the carrying value was recorded as a financing cost as a component of "Interest and other income, net". The new carrying value is lower as a function of the variable nature of the internal rate of return to be realized by the Company based on when the note was to be repaid. The internal rate of return calculation, although increased, was reset when the credit agreement was amended and restated.

In June of 2014, the Company received information from Wellstat Diagnostics that showed that it was generally unable to pay its debts as they became due. This constituted an event of default under the amended and restated credit agreement. Wellstat Diagnostics entered into a transaction involving another lender, pursuant to which Wellstat Diagnostics obtained additional

22



short-term funding for its operations. At the same time, the Company entered into the first amendment to amended and restated credit agreement with Wellstat Diagnostics. The material terms of the amendment included the following: (1) Wellstat Diagnostics acknowledged that an event of default had occurred; (2) the Company agreed to forbear from immediately enforcing its rights for up to 60 days, so long as the other lender provided agreed levels of interim funding to Wellstat Diagnostics; and (3) the Company obtained specified additional information rights with regard to Wellstat Diagnostics’ financial matters and investment banking activities.

On August 5, 2014, the Company received notice that the short-term funding being provided pursuant to the agreement with the other lender entered into during June 2014, was being terminated. Wellstat Diagnostics remained in default because it was still unable to pay its debts as they became due. Accordingly, the Company delivered the Wellstat Diagnostics Borrower Notice. The Wellstat Diagnostics Borrower Notice accelerated all obligations under the amended and restated credit agreement and demanded immediate payment in full in an amount equal to approximately $53.9 million , (which amount, in accordance with the terms of the amended and restated credit agreement, included an amount that, together with interest and royalty payments already made to the Company, would generate a specified internal rate of return to the Company), plus accruing fees, costs and interest, and demanded that Wellstat Diagnostics protect and preserve all collateral securing its obligations. On August 7, 2014, the Company delivered the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor Notice. The Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantor Notice included a demand that the guarantors remit payment to the Company in the amount of the outstanding obligations. The guarantors include certain affiliates and related companies of Wellstat Diagnostics, including Wellstat Therapeutics and Wellstat Diagnostics’ stockholders.

On September 24, 2014, the Company filed the Wellstat Diagnostics Petition, which was granted on the same day. The order granting the Wellstat Diagnostics Petition authorizes the receiver to take immediate possession of the physical assets of Wellstat Diagnostics, with the purpose of holding, protecting, insuring, managing and preserving the business of Wellstat Diagnostics and the value of the Company’s collateral. Wellstat Diagnostics has remained in operation during the period of the receivership with incremental additional funding from the Company.

On November 4, 2014, the Company entered into the third amendment to the amended and restated credit agreement with Wellstat Diagnostics. The amendment provides that additional funding, if any, to be made by the Company is conditioned upon the agreement by Wellstat Diagnostics to make certain operational changes within Wellstat Diagnostics, which the Company believes will allow the receiver to more efficiently optimize the value of the collateral.

During the second quarter of 2015, the receiver initiated a process for a public sale of the assets of Wellstat Diagnostics and retained the investment banking firm of Duff & Phelps to organize and manage the sale process. The receiver filed a "Motion For Approval of Sale Procedures" with the Circuit Court for Montgomery County, Maryland, which is the court having jurisdiction over the receivership and a hearing was held on July 22, 2015 at which time arguments were heard from interested parties regarding the sale procedures. No significant substantive disagreements between the parties regarding the sale procedures remained after the hearing and a decision approving the receiver’s sale procedures was made in the third quarter of 2015. PDL submitted a credit bid for the Wellstat Diagnostic assets at a value corresponding to some portion of the outstanding amount due under the amended and restated credit agreement which is subject to court approval. A hearing was scheduled in the Maryland Circuit Court for April 13, 2016 to hear the Receiver’s motion to approve the credit bid sale to PDL. However, on April 12, 2016, Wellstat Diagnostics changed its name to Defined Diagnostics, LLC and filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11 in the United Stated Bankruptcy Court in the Southern District of New York. The filing of the bankruptcy case stays the proceedings in the Maryland Circuit Court pursuant to the automatic stay provisions of the Bankruptcy Code.

On September 4, 2015, PDL filed in the Supreme Court of New York a motion for summary judgment in lieu of complaint which requested that the court enter judgment against Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors for the total amount due on the Wellstat Diagnostics debt, plus all costs and expenses including lawyers’ fees incurred by the Company in enforcement of the related guarantees. On September 23, 2015, PDL filed in the same court an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order and order of attachment of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors' assets. At a hearing on September 24, 2015, regarding the Company’s request for a temporary restraining order, the court ordered that the Company’s request for attachment and for summary judgment would be heard at a hearing on November 5, 2015. Although the court denied the Company’s request for a temporary restraining order at the hearing on September 24, it ordered that assets of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors should be held in status quo ante and only used in the normal course of business pending the outcome of the hearing. The court in New York has yet to rule on the Company's motions for attachment and summary judgment.

On October 22, 2015, the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors filed a complaint against the Company in the Supreme Court of New York seeking a declaratory judgment that certain contractual arrangements entered into between the parties subsequent to Wellstat Diagnostics’ default, and which relate to a split of proceeds in the event that the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors voluntarily monetize any assets that are the Company’s collateral, is of no force or effect.

23




Through the period ended March 31, 2016 , PDL has advanced to Wellstat Diagnostics $15.2 million to fund the ongoing operations of the business and other associated costs. This funding has been expensed as incurred. As of March 31, 2016, PDL is owed $108.4 million , which includes unpaid principal, and interest and repayment of amounts funded for ongoing operations of Wellstat Diagnostics.

Effective April 1, 2014, and as a result of the event of default, we determined the loan to be impaired and we ceased to accrue interest revenue. At that time and as of March 31, 2016 it has been determined that an allowance on the carrying value of the note was not necessary as the Company believes the value of the collateral securing Wellstat Diagnostics’ obligations exceeds the carrying value of the asset and is sufficient to enable the Company to recover the current carrying value of $50.2 million . There can be no assurance that this will be true in the event of the Company’s foreclosure on the collateral, nor can there be any assurance of the timing in realizing value from such collateral, whether from the sale process currently underway or a subsequent monetization event if PDL's credit bid for the assets is successful.

Hyperion Agreement

On January 27, 2012, PDL and Hyperion entered into an agreement whereby Hyperion sold to PDL the royalty streams due from SDK related to a certain patent license agreement between Hyperion and SDK dated December 31, 2008. The agreement assigned the patent license agreement royalty stream accruing from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2013, to PDL in exchange for the lump sum payment to Hyperion of $2.3 million . In exchange for the lump sum payment, PDL was to receive two equal payments of $1.2 million on each of March 5, 2013 and 2014. The first payment of $1.2 million was paid on March 5, 2013, but Hyperion has not made the second payment that was due on March 5, 2014. The Company completed an impairment analysis as of March 31, 2016 . Effective with this date and as a result of the event of default, we ceased to accrue interest revenue. As of March 31, 2016 , the estimated fair value of the collateral was determined to be in excess of that of the carrying value. There can be no assurance that this will be true in the event of the Company's foreclosure on the collateral, nor can there be any assurance of realizing value from such collateral.

AxoGen Note Receivable and AxoGen Royalty Agreement

In October 2012, PDL entered into the AxoGen Royalty Agreement with AxoGen providing for the payment of specified royalties to PDL on AxoGen’s net revenues (as defined in the AxoGen Royalty Agreement) generated by the sale, distribution or other use of AxoGen’s products. The AxoGen Royalty Agreement had an eight -year term and provided PDL with royalties of 9.95% based on AxoGen's net revenues, subject to agreed-upon guaranteed quarterly minimum payments of approximately $1.3 million to $2.5 million , which began in the fourth quarter of 2014, and the right to require AxoGen to repurchase the royalties under the AxoGen Royalty Agreement at the end of the fourth year. AxoGen was granted certain rights to call the contract in years five through eight . The total consideration PDL paid to AxoGen for the royalty rights was $20.8 million , including an interim funding of $1.8 million in August 2012. AxoGen was required to use a portion of the proceeds from the AxoGen Royalty Agreement to pay the outstanding balance under its existing credit facility. The royalty rights were secured by the cash and accounts receivable of AxoGen.

On August 14, 2013, PDL purchased 1,166,666 shares of registered common stock of AxoGen (AXGN) at $3.00 per share, totaling $3.5 million . On December 22, 2014, PDL sold these shares at $3.03 per share, totaling approximately $3.5 million .

On November 13, 2014, the Company agreed to terminate the AxoGen Royalty Agreement in consideration for a payment of $30.3 million in cash, which was the sum of the outstanding principal, interest and embedded derivative. At the same time, the Company acquired 643,382 shares of registered common stock of AxoGen for approximately $1.7 million at a public offering price of $2.72 per share. The shares are classified as available for sale securities and recorded as short-term investments on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In the third and fourth quarters of 2015, PDL sold 200,000 and 149,650 shares, respectively, at a price range between $5.46 and $5.69 per share, totaling approximately $1.9 million .

In March 2016, PDL sold on the open market 50,000 shares of AxoGen’s common stock at $5.44 per share, resulting in a gain totaling approximately $136,000 .

As of March 31, 2016 , PDL held 243,732 shares of AxoGen common stock, which were valued at $1.3 million , which resulted in an unrealized gain of $0.6 million and is recorded in "Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax."


24



Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement

On April 18, 2013, PDL entered into the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement, under which we made available to Avinger up to $40.0 million to be used by Avinger in connection with the commercialization of its lumivascular catheter devices and the development of Avinger's lumivascular atherectomy device. Of the $40.0 million available to Avinger, we funded an initial $20.0 million , net of fees, at the close of the transaction. Outstanding borrowings under the initial loan bore interest at a stated rate of 12% per annum.

On September 22, 2015, Avinger elected as per the voluntary prepayment provision under the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement to prepay the note receivable in whole for a payment of $21.4 million in cash, which was the sum of the outstanding principal, interest and a prepayment fee.

Under the terms of the Avinger Credit and Royalty Agreement, the Company receives a low, single-digit royalty on Avinger's net revenues until April 2018. Commencing in October 2015, after Avinger repaid the note receivable prior to its maturity date, the royalty on Avinger's net revenues reduced by 50% , subject to certain minimum payments from the prepayment date until April 2018. PDL has accounted for the royalty rights in accordance with the fair value option.

LENSAR Credit Agreement

On October 1, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with LENSAR, under which PDL made available to LENSAR up to $60.0 million to be used by LENSAR in connection with the commercialization of its currently marketed LENSAR™ Laser System. Of the $60.0 million available to LENSAR, an initial $40.0 million , net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. The remaining $20.0 million in the form of a second tranche is no longer available to LENSAR under the terms of the credit agreement. Outstanding borrowings under the loans bore interest at the rate of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

On May 12, 2015, PDL entered into a forbearance agreement with LENSAR under which PDL agreed to refrain from exercising certain remedies available to it resulting from the failure of LENSAR to comply with a liquidity covenant and make interest payments due under the credit agreement. Under the forbearance agreement, PDL agreed to provide LENSAR with up to an aggregate of $8.5 million in weekly increments through the period ended September 30, 2015 plus employee retention amounts of approximately $0.5 million in the form of additional loans subject to LENSAR meeting certain milestones related to LENSAR obtaining additional capital to fund the business or selling itself and repaying outstanding amounts under the credit agreement. In exchange for the forbearance, LENSAR agreed to additional reporting covenants, the engagement of a chief restructuring officer and an increase on the interest rate to 18.5% , applicable to all outstanding amounts under the credit agreement.

On September 30, 2015, PDL agreed to extend the forbearance agreement until October 9, 2015 and provide for up to an additional $0.8 million in funding while LENSAR negotiated a potential sale of its assets. On October 9, 2015, the forbearance agreement expired, but PDL agreed to fund LENSAR's operations while LENSAR continued to negotiate a potential sale of its assets.

On November 15, 2015, New LENSAR, a wholly owned subsidiary of Alphaeon, and LENSAR entered into the Asset Purchase Agreement whereby New LENSAR agreed to acquire substantially all the assets and assumed certain liabilities of LENSAR subject to the satisfaction of certain closing conditions. The acquisition was consummated on December 15, 2015.

In connection with the closing of the acquisition, New LENSAR entered into an amended and restated credit agreement with PDL, assuming $42.0 million in loans as part of the borrowings under PDL’s prior credit agreement with LENSAR. In addition, Alphaeon issued 1.7 million shares of its Class A common stock to PDL.

Under the terms of the amended and restated credit agreement, PDL has a first lien security interest in substantially all of the equity interests and assets of New LENSAR. The loans bear interest of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. New LENSAR may elect to pay in kind interest the first three interest payments in the form of additional principal amount added to the loans. The principal repayment will commence on the ninth interest payment date. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment is to be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans which is December 15, 2020.

PDL concluded that the amendment and restatement of the original LENSAR credit agreement shall be accounted for as a troubled debt restructuring due to the concession granted by PDL and LENSAR’s financial difficulties. PDL has recognized a loss on extinguishment of notes receivable of $4.0 million and expensed $3.0 million of closing fees as general & administrative costs as incurred at closing on December 15, 2015.

25




We have estimated a fair value of $3.84 per share for the 1.7 million shares of Alphaeon Class A common stock received in connection with the transactions and recognized this investment as a cost-method investment of $6.6 million included in other long-term asset. The Alphaeon Class A common stock is subject to other-than-temporary impairment assessments in future periods. There is no other-than-temporary impairment charge incurred as of March 31, 2016.

Direct Flow Medical Credit Agreement

On November 5, 2013, PDL entered into a credit agreement with Direct Flow Medical, under which PDL agreed to provide up to $50.0 million to Direct Flow Medical. Of the $50.0 million available to Direct Flow Medical, an initial $35.0 million (tranche one), net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. Pursuant to the original terms of the credit agreement the Company agreed to provide Direct Flow Medical with an additional $15.0 million tranche, net of fees, upon the attainment of a specified revenue milestone to be accomplished no later than December 31, 2014 (the tranche two milestone). Until the occurrence of the tranche two milestone, outstanding borrowings under tranche one bore interest at the rate of 15.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

On November 10, 2014, PDL and Direct Flow Medical agreed to an amendment to the credit agreement to permit Direct Flow Medical to borrow the $15.0 million second tranche upon receipt by Direct Flow Medical of a specified minimum amount of proceeds from an equity offering prior to December 31, 2014. In exchange, the parties amended the credit agreement to provide for additional fees associated with certain liquidity events, such as a change of control or the consummation of an initial public offering, and granted PDL certain board of director observation rights. On November 19, 2014, upon Direct Flow Medical satisfying the amended tranche two milestone, the Company funded the $15.0 million second tranche to Direct Flow Medical, net of fees. Upon occurrence of the borrowing of this second tranche, the interest rate applicable to all loans under the credit agreement was decreased to 13.5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

Under the terms of the credit agreement, principal repayment will commence on the 12th interest payment date, September 30, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans mature on November 5, 2018. Direct Flow Medical may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The obligations under the credit agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Direct Flow Medical and any of its subsidiaries.

On December 21, 2015, Direct Flow Medical and PDL entered into a waiver to the credit agreement in anticipation of Direct Flow Medical being unable to comply with the liquidity covenant and make interest payments due under the credit agreement.

On January 14, 2016, both parties agreed to provide Direct Flow Medical with an extension to waive the liquidity covenant and delay the timing of the interest payments through the period ending September 30, 2016.

On January 28, 2016, PDL funded an additional $5.0 million to Direct Flow Medical in the form of a short-term secured promissory note.

On February 26, 2016, PDL and Direct Flow Medical entered into the fourth Amendment to the Credit Agreement that, among other things, (i) converted the $5.0 million short-term secured promissory note into a loan under the credit agreement with substantially the same interest and payment terms as the existing loans, (ii) added a conversion option providing the right to convert the additional $5.0 million loan into equity of Direct Flow Medical at the option of PDL and (iii) provided for an additional $5.0 million convertible loan tranche, to be funded at the option of PDL. In addition, (i) PDL agreed to waive the liquidity covenant and delay the timing of the unpaid interest payments until September 30, 2016 and (ii) Direct Flow Medical agreed to issue to PDL a specified amount of warrants to purchase shares of convertible preferred stock on the first day of each month for the duration of the waiver period at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. At March 31, 2016, we determined an estimated fair value of the warrant of $0.4 million .

The Company completed an impairment analysis as of March 31, 2016. Effective as of this date and as a result of the waived defaults, we determined the loan to be impaired and we ceased to accrue interest revenue. As of March 31, 2016, the estimated fair value of the collateral was determined to be in excess of that of the carrying value. In the event the Company was to foreclose on the collateral, there can be no assurance as to the accuracy of the estimated fair value of the collateral, nor can there be any assurance of realizing value from such collateral.


26



Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement

On February 14, 2014, the Company entered into the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement, under which it made available to Paradigm Spine up to $75.0 million to be used by Paradigm Spine to refinance its existing credit facility and expand its domestic commercial operations. Of the $75.0 million available to Paradigm Spine, an initial $50.0 million , net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. The second and third tranches of up to an additional $25.0 million in the aggregate, net of fees, are no longer available under the terms of the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement.

On October 27, 2015, PDL and Paradigm Spine entered into an amendment to the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement to provide additional term loan commitments of up to $7.0 million payable in two tranches of $4.0 million and $3.0 million , of which the first tranche was drawn on the closing date of the amendment, net of fees, and the second tranche is to be funded at the option of Paradigm Spine prior to June 30, 2016.

Borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the rate of 13.0% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

Under the terms of the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement, principal repayment will commence on the 12th interest payment date, December 31, 2016. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. The loans mature on February 14, 2019. Paradigm Spine may elect to prepay the loans at any time, subject to a prepayment penalty that decreases over the life of the loans. The obligations under the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Paradigm Spine and its domestic subsidiaries and, initially, certain assets of Paradigm Spine’s German subsidiaries.

kaléo Note Purchase Agreement

On April 1, 2014, PDL entered into a note purchase agreement with Accel 300, a wholly-owned subsidiary of kaléo, pursuant to which the Company acquired $150.0 million of secured notes due 2029. The secured notes were issued pursuant to an indenture between Accel 300 and U.S. Bank, National Association, as trustee, and are secured by the kaléo Revenue Interests and a pledge of kaléo’s equity ownership in Accel 300.

The secured notes bear interest at 13% per annum, paid quarterly in arrears on principal outstanding. The principal balance of the secured notes is repaid to the extent that the kaléo Revenue Interests exceed the quarterly interest payment, as limited by a quarterly payment cap. The final maturity of the secured notes is June 2029. kaléo may redeem the secured notes at any time, subject to a redemption premium.

As of March 31, 2016 , the Company determined that its royalty purchase interest in Accel 300 represented a variable interest in a variable interest entity. However, the Company does not have the power to direct the activities of Accel 300 that most significantly impact Accel 300's economic performance and is not the primary beneficiary of Accel 300; therefore, Accel 300 is not subject to consolidation by the Company.

On October 28, 2015, Sanofi US initiated a voluntary nationwide recall of all Auvi-Q ® units effectively immediately. Sanofi is the exclusive licensee of kaléo for the manufacturing and commercialization of Auvi-Q. While Sanofi has not identified the reason for the recall, press reports indicate that a small number of units have failed to activate or delivered inadequate doses of epinephrine. Subsequent to the recall, kaléo made a full and timely payment of $9.5 million , which included all principal and interest due in the fourth quarter of 2015.

On February 18, 2016, PDL was advised that Sanofi and kaléo will terminate their license and development agreement later this year. On March 31, 2016, PDL was informed by kaléo that the license and development agreement was terminated and that all U.S. and Canadian commercial and manufacturing rights to Auvi-Q ® and Allerject ® had been returned to kaléo. All manufacturing equipment had also been returned to kaléo, and they intend to evaluate the timing and options for bringing Auvi-Q and Allerject back to the market. As part of our financing transaction, kaléo was required to establish an interest reserve account of $20.0 million from the $150.0 million provided by PDL. The purpose of this interest reserve account is to cover any possible shortfalls in interest payments owed to PDL. As of this date, despite the recall of Auvi-Q, it is projected that the interest reserve account alone is sufficient to cover possible interest shortfalls substantially through the second quarter of 2016. kaléo has indicated that it intends to make payments due to PDL under the note agreement until Auvi-Q is returned to the market.


27



PDL will monitor the timing and options for bringing Auvi-Q back to the market and how it may impact the ability of kaléo to meet its obligations under the note purchase agreement, but as of March 31, 2016, it has been determined that there is no impairment.

CareView Credit Agreement

On June 26, 2015, PDL entered into a credit agreement with CareView, under which the Company made available to CareView up to $40.0 million in two tranches of $20.0 million each. Under the terms of the credit agreement, the first tranche of $20.0 million was to be funded by the Company upon CareView’s attainment of a specified milestone relating to the placement of CareView Systems ® , to be accomplished no later than October 31, 2015. The Company expects to fund CareView an additional $20.0 million upon CareView’s attainment of specified milestones relating to the placement of CareView Systems and Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the credit agreement), to be accomplished no later than June 30, 2017. Outstanding borrowings under the credit agreement will bear interest at the rate of 13.5% per annum and are payable quarterly in arrears.

As part of the transaction, the Company received a warrant to purchase approximately 4.4 million shares of common stock of CareView at the exercise price of $0.45 per share. We have accounted for the warrant as derivative asset with an offsetting credit as debt discount. At each reporting period the warrant is marked to market for changes in fair value.

On October 7, 2015, PDL and CareView entered into an amendment of the credit agreement to modify certain definitions related to the first and second tranche milestones. On this date, PDL also funded the first tranche of $20.0 million , net of fees, upon attainment of the modified first tranche milestone relating to the placement of CareView Systems. The additional $20.0 million in the form of a second tranche continues to be available upon CareView’s attainment of specified milestones relating to the placement of CareView Systems and Consolidated EBITDA, to be accomplished no later than June 30, 2017 under the terms of the amended credit agreement.

In connection with the amendment of the credit agreement, PDL and CareView also agreed to amend the warrant to purchase common stock agreement by reducing the warrant's exercise price from $0.45 to $0.40 per share. At March 31, 2016, we determined an estimated fair value of the warrant of $0.7 million .

For carrying value and fair value information related to our Notes and Other Long-term Receivables, see Note 3.

7. Accrued Liabilities

 
 
March 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Compensation
 
$
2,933

 
$
1,979

Interest
 
1,643

 
4,107

Deferred revenue
 
541

 
87

Dividend payable
 
143

 
184

Legal
 
1,218

 
730

Other
 
775

 
922

Total
 
$
7,253

 
$
8,009


8. Commitments and Contingencies

PDL BioPharma, Inc. v Merck Sharp & Dohme, Corp.

On October 28, 2015, the Company filed a Complaint against Merck Sharp & Dohme, Corp (“Merck”) for patent infringement in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. In the Complaint, the Company alleges that manufacture and sales of certain of Merck’s Keytruda product infringes one or more claims of the Company’s '761 Patent. The Company has requested judgment that Merck has infringed the '761 Patent, an award of damages due to the infringement, a finding that such infringement was willful and deliberate and trebling of damages therefore, and a declaration that the case is exceptional and warrants an award of attorney’s fees and costs. Although the '761 Patent expired on December 2, 2014, the Company believes that Merck infringed the patent through, e.g., manufacture and/or sale of Keytruda prior to the expiration of the '761 Patent. On December 21, 2015, Merck filed a Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction. In response to Merck’s motion, on

28



January 22, 2016, rather than dispute Merck’s contentions regarding jurisdiction, the Company elected to dismiss the action in Nevada and refile the Complaint in its entirety in the District of New Jersey.

Wellstat Litigation

On September 4, 2015, PDL filed in the Supreme Court of New York a motion for summary judgment in lieu of complaint
which requested that the court enter judgment against Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors for the total amount due on the Wellstat Diagnostics debt, plus all costs and expenses including lawyers’ fees incurred by the Company in enforcement of the related guarantees. On September 23, 2015, PDL filed in the same court an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order and order of attachment of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors' assets. At a hearing on September 24, 2015, regarding the Company’s request for a temporary restraining order, the court ordered that the Company’s request for attachment and for summary judgment would be heard at a hearing on November 5, 2015. Although the court denied the Company’s request for a temporary restraining order at the hearing on September 24, it ordered that assets of the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors should be held in status quo ante and only used in the normal course of business pending the outcome of the hearing. The court in New York has yet to rule on the Company’s motions for attachment and summary judgment.

On October 22, 2015, the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors filed a complaint against the Company in the Supreme Court of New York seeking a declaratory judgment that certain contractual arrangements entered into between the parties subsequent to Wellstat Diagnostics’ default, and which relate to a split of proceeds in the event that the Wellstat Diagnostics Guarantors voluntarily monetize any assets that are the Company’s collateral, is of no force or effect.

Other Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are involved in lawsuits, arbitrations, claims, investigations and proceedings, consisting of intellectual property, commercial, employment and other matters, which arise in the ordinary course of business. We make provisions for liabilities when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Such provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impact of settlement negotiations, judicial and administrative rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular case. Litigation is inherently unpredictable. If any unfavorable ruling were to occur in any specific period, there exists the possibility of a material adverse impact on the results of our operations of that period and on our cash flows and liquidity.

Lease Guarantee

In connection with the Spin-Off, we entered into amendments to the leases for our former facilities in Redwood City, California, under which Facet was added as a co-tenant, and a Co-Tenancy Agreement, under which Facet agreed to indemnify us for all matters related to the leases attributable to the period after the Spin-Off date. Should Facet default under its lease obligations, we could be held liable by the landlord as a co-tenant and, thus, we have in substance guaranteed the payments under the lease agreements for the Redwood City facilities. As of March 31, 2016 , the total lease payments for the duration of the guarantee, which runs through December 2021, are approximately $64.9 million . In April 2010, Abbott Laboratories acquired Facet and later renamed the entity AbbVie. If AbbVie were to default, we could also be responsible for lease-related costs including utilities, property taxes and common area maintenance, which may be as much as the actual lease payments.

We have recorded a liability of $10.7 million on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015 , related to this guarantee. In future periods, we may adjust this liability for any changes in the ultimate outcome of this matter that are both probable and estimable.


29



9. Convertible Notes and Term Loans
  
 
 
 
 
Principal Balance Outstanding
 
Carrying Value
 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
Description
 
Maturity Date
 
2016
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Convertible Notes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 2018 Notes
 
February 1, 2018
 
$
246,447

 
$
230,850

*
$
228,862

*
March 2015 Term Loan
 
February 15, 2016
 
$

 

 
24,966

 
Total
 
 
 
 

 
$
230,850

 
$
253,828

 
* Effective January 1, 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-03 and changed its method of presentation relating to debt issuance cost. Prior to 2016, the Company's policy was to present these costs in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet, net of accumulated amortization. Beginning in 2016, the Company has presented these fees as a direct deduction to the related debt. As a result, we reclassified $3.5 million and $4.0 million of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, from other assets, which are currently presented as a direct deduction to the February 2018 Notes.

Series 2012 Notes

In January 2012, we issued and exchanged $169.0 million aggregate principal of Series 2012 Notes for an identical principal amount of the February 2015 Notes, plus a cash payment of $5.00 for each $1,000 principal amount tendered, totaling approximately $845,000 . The cash payment was allocated to deferred issue costs of $765,000 , additional paid-in capital of $52,000 and deferred tax assets of $28,000 . The deferred issue costs were recognized over the life of the Series 2012 Notes as interest expense. In February 2012, we entered into separate privately negotiated exchange agreements under which we issued and exchanged an additional $10.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes for an identical principal amount of the February 2015 Notes. In August 2013, the Company entered into a separate privately negotiated exchange agreement under which it retired the final $1.0 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding February 2015 Notes. Pursuant to the exchange agreement, the holder of the February 2015 Notes received $1.0 million aggregate principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes. Immediately following the exchange, no principal amount of the February 2015 Notes remained outstanding and $180.0 million principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes is outstanding.

On February 6, 2014, the Company entered into exchange and purchase agreements with certain holders of approximately $131.7 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding Series 2012 Notes. The exchange agreement provided for the issuance by the Company of shares of common stock and a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being exchanged, and the purchase agreement provided for a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being repurchased. The total consideration given was approximately $191.8 million . The Company issued to the participating holders of the Series 2012 Notes a total of approximately 20.3 million shares of its common stock with a fair value of approximately $157.6 million and made an aggregate cash payment of approximately $34.2 million pursuant to the exchange and purchase agreements. Of the $34.2 million cash payment, $2.5 million is attributable to an inducement fee, $1.8 million is attributable to interest accrued through the date of settlement and $29.9 million is attributable to the repurchase of the Series 2012 Notes. It was determined that the exchange and purchase agreement represented an extinguishment of the related notes. As a result, a loss on extinguishment of $6.1 million was recorded. The $6.1 million loss on extinguishment included the de-recognition of the original issuance discount of $5.8 million and a $0.3 million charge resulting from the difference of the face value of the notes and the fair value of the notes. Immediately following the exchange, $48.3 million principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes was outstanding with approximately $2.1 million of remaining original issuance discount that was amortized over the remaining life of the Series 2012 Notes.

On October 20, 2014, the Company entered into a privately negotiated exchange agreement under which it retired approximately $26.0 million in principal of the outstanding Series 2012 Notes. The exchange agreement provided for the issuance, by the Company, of shares of common stock and a cash payment for the Series 2012 Notes being exchanged. The Company issued approximately 1.8 million shares of its common stock and paid a cash payment of approximately $26.2 million . Immediately following the exchange, $22.3 million principal amount of the Series 2012 Notes was outstanding with approximately $0.1 million of remaining original issuance discount to be amortized over the remaining life of the Series 2012 Notes.


30



The Series 2012 Notes were due February 17, 2015, and bore interest at a rate of 2.875% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. On February 17, 2015, the Company completed the retirement of the remaining $22.3 million of aggregate principal of its Series 2012 notes at their stated maturity for $22.3 million , plus approximately 1.34 million shares of its common stock.

Interest expense for our Series 2012 Notes on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
Contractual coupon interest
 
$

 
$
80

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 

 
13

Amortization of debt discount
 

 
76

Total
 
$

 
$
169


May 2015 Notes
 
On May 16, 2011, we issued $155.3 million in aggregate principal amount, at par, of the May 2015 Notes in an underwritten public offering, for net proceeds of $149.7 million . The May 2015 Notes were due May 1, 2015, and we paid interest at 3.75% on the May 2015 Notes semiannually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year, beginning November 1, 2011. Proceeds from the May 2015 Notes, net of amounts used for purchased call option transactions and provided by the warrant transactions described below, were used to redeem our 2012 Notes.

On May 1, 2015, the Company completed the retirement of the remaining $155.1 million of aggregate principal of its May 2015 Notes at their stated maturity for $155.1 million , plus approximately 5.2 million shares of its common stock for the excess conversion value.

Interest expense for the May 2015 Notes on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
Contractual coupon interest
 
$

 
$
1,454

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 

 
326

Amortization of debt discount
 

 
1,357

Total
 
$

 
$
3,137


Purchased Call Options and Warrants

In connection with the issuance of our May 2015 Notes, we entered into purchased call option transactions with two hedge counterparties. We paid an aggregate amount of $20.8 million , plus legal fees, for the purchased call options with terms substantially similar to the embedded conversion options in our May 2015 Notes. We exercised the purchased call options upon conversion of our May 2015 Notes on May 1, 2015, which required the hedge counterparties to deliver shares to the Company. The hedge counterparties delivered to us approximately 5.2 million of PDL common shares, which was the amount equal to the shares required to be delivered by us to the note holders for the excess conversion value.

In addition, we sold to the hedge counterparties warrants exercisable, on a cashless basis, for the sale of rights to receive up to 27.5 million shares of common stock underlying our May 2015 Notes. We received an aggregate amount of $10.9 million for the sale from the two counterparties. Under the terms of the warrant agreement, the warrant counterparties had the option to exercise the warrants on their specified expiration dates through the 120 scheduled trading days beginning on July 30, 2015 and ended on January 20, 2016. Because the VWAP of our common stock never exceeded the strike price of the warrants PDL did not deliver any common stock to the warrant counterparties.


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The purchased call option transactions and warrant sales effectively served to reduce the potential dilution associated with conversion of our May 2015 Notes.

Because the share price was above $5.72 , but below $6.73 , upon conversion of the Company's May 2015 Notes, the purchased call options offset the share dilution, and the Company received shares on exercise of the purchased call options equal to the shares that the Company delivered to the note holders.

While the purchased call options reduced the potential equity dilution upon conversion of our May 2015 Notes, prior to the conversion or exercise, our May 2015 Notes and the warrants had a dilutive effect on the Company’s earnings per share to the extent that the price of the Company’s common stock during a given measurement period exceeds the respective exercise prices of those instruments.

February 2018 Notes

On February 12, 2014, we issued $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount, at par, of the February 2018 Notes in an underwritten public offering, for net proceeds of $290.2 million . The February 2018 Notes are due February 1, 2018, and we pay interest at 4.0% on the February 2018 Notes semiannually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year, beginning August 1, 2014. A portion of the proceeds from the February 2018 Notes, net of amounts used for purchased call option transactions and provided by the warrant transactions described below, were used to redeem $131.7 million of the Series 2012 Notes. Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, as defined in the indenture, holders have the option to require PDL to repurchase their February 2018 Notes at a purchase price equal to 100% of the principal, plus accrued interest.

On November 20, 2015, PDL's agent initiated the repurchase of $53.6 million in aggregate principal amount of its February 2018 Notes for $43.7 million in cash in four open market transactions. The closing of these transactions occurred on November 30, 2015.

It was determined that the repurchase of the principal amount shall be accounted for as an extinguishment. As a result, a gain on extinguishment of $6.5 million was recorded at closing of the transaction. The $6.5 million gain on extinguishment included the de-recognition of the original issuance discount of $3.1 million , outstanding deferred issuance costs of $0.9 million and agent fees of $0.1 million . Immediately following the repurchase, $246.4 million principal amount of the February 2018 Notes was outstanding with $14.1 million of remaining original issuance discount and $4.1 million of debt issuance costs to be amortized over the remaining life of the February 2018 Notes. As of March 31, 2016, our February 2018 Notes are not convertible. At March 31, 2016, the if-converted value of our February 2018 Notes did not exceed the principal amount.

In connection with the repurchase of the February 2018 Notes, the Company and the counterparties agreed to unwind a portion of the purchased call options. As a result of this unwinding, PDL received $270,000 in cash. The payments received have been recorded as an increase to APIC. In addition, the Company and the counterparties agreed to unwind a portion of the warrants for $170,000 in cash, payable by PDL. The payments have been recorded as a decrease to APIC. At March 31, 2016, PDL concluded that the remaining purchased call options and warrants continue to meet all criteria for equity classification.

The February 2018 Notes are convertible under any of the following circumstances:

During any fiscal quarter ending after the quarter ended June 30, 2014, if the last reported sale price of our common stock for at least 20 trading days in a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds 130% of the conversion price for the notes on the last day of such preceding fiscal quarter;
During the five business-day period immediately after any five consecutive trading-day period, which we refer to as the measurement period, in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of notes for each trading day of that measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of our common stock and the conversion rate for the notes for each such day;
Upon the occurrence of specified corporate events as described further in the indenture; or
At any time on or after August 1, 2017.

The initial conversion rate for the February 2018 Notes is 109.1048 shares of the Company's common stock per $1,000 principal amount of February 2018 Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $9.17 per share of common stock, subject to adjustments upon the occurrence of certain specified events as set forth in the indenture. Upon

32



conversion, the Company will be required to pay cash and, if applicable, deliver shares of the Company's common stock as described in the indenture.

In accordance with the accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash or other assets on conversion, we were required to separately account for the liability component of the instrument in a manner that reflects the market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument at the date of issuance. As a result, we separated the principal balance of the February 2018 Notes between the fair value of the debt component and the fair value of the common stock conversion feature. Using an assumed borrowing rate of 7.0% , which represents the estimated market interest rate for a similar nonconvertible instrument available to us on the date of issuance, we recorded a total debt discount of $29.7 million , allocated $19.3 million to additional paid-in capital and allocated $10.4 million to deferred tax liability. The discount is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the February 2018 Notes and increases interest expense during the term of the February 2018 Notes from the 4.0% cash coupon interest rate to an effective interest rate of 6.9% . As of March 31, 2016 , the remaining discount amortization period is 1.8 years .

The carrying value and unamortized discount of the February 2018 Notes were as follows:

(In thousands)
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Principal amount of the February 2018 Notes
 
$
246,447

 
$
246,447

Unamortized discount of liability component
 
(15,597
)
 
(17,585
)
Net carrying value of the February 2018 Notes
 
$
230,850

 
$
228,862


Interest expense for our February 2018 Notes on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
Contractual coupon interest
 
$
2,464

 
$
3,000

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
438

 
543

Amortization of debt discount
 
1,550

 
1,747

Total
 
$
4,452

 
$
5,290


Purchased Call Options and Warrants

In connection with the issuance of the February 2018 Notes, we entered into purchased call option transactions with two hedge counterparties. We paid an aggregate amount of $31.0 million for the purchased call options with terms substantially similar to the embedded conversion options in the February 2018 Notes. The purchased call options cover, subject to anti-dilution and certain other customary adjustments substantially similar to those in the February 2018 Notes, approximately 32.7 million shares of our common stock. We may exercise the purchased call options upon conversion of the February 2018 Notes and require the hedge counterparty to deliver shares to the Company in an amount equal to the shares required to be delivered by the Company to the note holder for the excess conversion value. The purchased call options expire on February 1, 2018, or the last day any of the February 2018 Notes remain outstanding.

In addition, we sold to the hedge counterparties warrants exercisable, on a cashless basis, for the sale of rights to receive shares of common stock that will initially underlie the February 2018 Notes at a strike price of $10.3610 per share, which represents a premium of approximately 30% over the last reported sale price of the Company's common stock of $7.97 on February 6, 2014. The warrant transactions could have a dilutive effect to the extent that the market price of the Company's common stock exceeds the applicable strike price of the warrants on the date of conversion. We received an aggregate amount of $11.4 million for the sale from the two counterparties. The warrant counterparties may exercise the warrants on their specified expiration dates that occur over a period of time. If the VWAP of our common stock, as defined in the warrants, exceeds the strike price of the warrants, we will deliver to the warrant counterparties shares equal to the spread between the VWAP on the date of exercise or expiration and the strike price. If the VWAP is less than the strike price, neither party is obligated to deliver anything to the other.


33



The purchased call option transactions and warrant sales effectively serve to reduce the potential dilution associated with conversion of the February 2018 Notes. The strike price is subject to further adjustment in the event that future quarterly dividends exceed $0.15 per share.

The purchased call options and warrants are considered indexed to PDL stock, require net-share settlement, and met all criteria for equity classification at inception and at March 31, 2016 . The purchased call options cost of $31.0 million , less deferred taxes of $10.8 million , and the $11.4 million received for the warrants, was recorded as adjustments to additional paid-in capital. Subsequent changes in fair value will not be recognized as long as the purchased call options and warrants continue to meet the criteria for equity classification.

March 2015 Term Loan

On March 30, 2015, PDL entered into a credit agreement among the Company, the lenders party thereto and the Royal Bank of Canada, as administrative agent. The credit agreement consisted of a term loan of $100.0 million .

The interest rates per annum applicable to amounts outstanding under the term loan were, at the Company’s option, either (a) the alternate base rate (as defined in the credit agreement) plus 0.75% , or (b) the adjusted Eurodollar rate (as defined in the credit agreement) plus 1.75% per annum. As of February 12, 2016, the interest rate, based upon the adjusted Eurodollar rate, was 2.17% . Interest payments under the credit agreement were due on the interest payment dates specified in the credit agreement.

The credit agreement required amortization of the term loan in the form of scheduled principal payments on June 15, September 15 and December 15 of 2015, with the remaining outstanding balance due on February 15, 2016. This principal balance and outstanding interest was paid in full on February 12, 2016.

10. Other Long-Term Liabilities

 
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Accrued lease liability
 
$
10,700

 
$
10,700

Long-term incentive accrual
 
2,142

 
1,318

Uncertain tax positions
 
39,989

 
38,467

Dividend payable
 
229

 
165

Total
 
$
53,060

 
$
50,650

 

In connection with the Spin-Off, we entered into amendments to the leases for our former facilities in Redwood City, California, under which Facet was added as a co-tenant, and a Co-Tenancy Agreement, under which Facet agreed to indemnify us for all matters related to the leases attributable to the period after the Spin-Off date. Should Facet default under its lease obligations, we could be held liable by the landlord as a co-tenant and, thus, we have in substance guaranteed the payments under the lease agreements for the Redwood City facilities. As of March 31, 2016 , the total lease payments for the duration of the guarantee, which runs through December 2021, are approximately $64.9 million . If Facet were to default, we could also be responsible for lease-related costs including utilities, property taxes and common area maintenance that may be as much as the actual lease payments. We have recorded a liability of $10.7 million on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 , and December 31, 2015, related to this guarantee.

11. Stock-Based Compensation

The Company grants restricted stock awards pursuant to a stockholder approved stock-based incentive plan. This incentive plan is described in further detail in Note 13, Stock-Based Compensation, of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 .


34



The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option and restricted stock award activity during the three months ended March 31, 2016 :

 
 
 
 
Restricted Stock Awards
(In thousands except per share amounts)
 
Shares Available for Grant
 
Number of Shares Outstanding
 
Weighted Average Grant-date Fair Value Per Share
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
4,684

 
586

 
$
7.13

Granted
 
(828
)
 
828

 
3.21

Balance at March 31, 2016
 
3,856

 
1,414

 
$
4.82


12. Cash Dividends
 
On January 26, 2016 , our board of directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.05 per share of common stock to stockholders of record on March 4 , 2016 . On March 11, 2016, we paid $8.2 million in connection with such dividend payment. Unvested RSAs as of the record date are also entitled to dividends, which will only be paid when the RSAs vest and are released.

13. Income Taxes
 
Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 , was $33.0 million and $49.0 million , respectively, which resulted primarily from applying the federal statutory income tax rate to income before income taxes.

The uncertain tax positions increased during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, by $1.2 million and $2.4 million , respectively, resulting from an increase in tax uncertainties and estimated tax liabilities.

In general, our income tax returns are subject to examination by U.S. federal, state and local tax authorities for tax years 1996 forward. In May 2012, PDL received a “no-change” letter from the IRS upon completion of an examination of the Company's 2008 federal tax return. We are currently under income tax examination in the state of California for tax years 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. Although the timing of the resolution of income tax examinations is highly uncertain, and the amounts ultimately paid, if any, upon resolution of the issues raised by the taxing authorities may differ materially from the amounts accrued for each year, we do not anticipate any material change to the amount of our unrecognized tax benefit over the next 12 months.

14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is comprised of net income and other comprehensive income (loss). We include unrealized net gains (losses) on investments held in our available-for-sale securities and unrealized gains (losses) on our cash flow hedges in other comprehensive income (loss), and present the amounts net of tax. Our other comprehensive income (loss) is included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

The balance of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, was as follows:

 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities
 
Unrealized gains on cash flow hedges
 
Total Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
435

 
$
1,821

 
$
2,256

Activity for the three months ended March 31, 2016
 
(17
)
 
(1,821
)
 
(1,838
)
Ending Balance at March 31, 2016
 
$
418

 
$

 
$
418




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ITEM 2.             MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical facts are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of these provisions, including any projections of earnings, revenues or other financial items, any statements of the plans and objectives of management for future operations, including any statements concerning new licensing, any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance, and any statement of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “may,” “will,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” or “opportunity,” or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations presented in the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable at the time they were made, there can be no assurance that such expectations or any of the forward-looking statements will prove to be correct, and actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the risk factors set forth below or incorporated by reference herein, and for the reasons described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. All forward-looking statements and reasons why results may differ included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements or reasons why actual results might differ.

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OVERVIEW
 
PDL manages a portfolio of patents and royalty assets, consisting of its Queen et al. patents, license agreements with various biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, and royalty and other assets acquired. To acquire new income generating assets, PDL provides non-dilutive growth capital and financing solutions to late-stage public and private healthcare companies and offers immediate financial monetization of royalty streams to companies, academic institutions, and inventors. PDL has committed over $1 billion and funded approximately $937 million in these investments to date. PDL evaluates its investments based on the quality of the income generating assets and potential returns on investment. PDL is currently focused on acquiring new income generating assets, the management of its intellectual property and income generating assets, and maximizing value for its stockholders.

The Company was formerly known as Protein Design Labs, Inc. and changed its name to PDL BioPharma, Inc. in 2006. PDL was founded in 1986 and is headquartered in Incline Village, Nevada. PDL pioneered the humanization of monoclonal antibodies and, by doing so, enabled the discovery of a new generation of targeted treatments for cancer and immunologic diseases for which it receives significant royalty revenue.

Intellectual Property

Patents

We have been issued patents in the United States and elsewhere, covering the humanization of antibodies, which we refer to as our Queen et al. patents. Our Queen et al. patents, for which final patent expiry was in December 2014, covered, among other things, humanized antibodies, methods for humanizing antibodies, polynucleotide encoding in humanized antibodies and methods of producing humanized antibodies.

Our '761 Patent, which expired on December 2, 2014, covered methods and materials used in the manufacture of humanized antibodies. In addition to covering methods and materials used in the manufacture of humanized antibodies, coverage under our ‘761 Patent typically extended to the use or sale of compositions made with those methods and/or materials.

Our '216B Patent expired in Europe in December 2009. We have been granted SPCs for the Avastin ® , Herceptin ® , Lucentis ® , Xolair ® and Tysabri ® products in many of the jurisdictions in the European Union in connection with the ‘216B Patent. The SPCs effectively extended our patent protection with respect to Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair and Tysabri generally until December 2014, except that the SPCs for Herceptin expired in July 2014. Because SPCs are granted on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis, the duration of the extension varies slightly in certain jurisdictions. We expect to receive royalties beyond expiration of our patents and SPCs based on the terms of our licenses and our legal settlements. We do not expect to receive any meaningful revenue from our Queen et al. patents or the related license and settlement agreements beyond the first quarter of 2016.

Licensing Agreements
 
We have entered into licensing agreements under our Queen et al. patents with numerous entities that are independently developing or have developed humanized antibodies. Although the Queen et al. patents and related rights have expired, we are entitled under our license agreements to continue to receive royalties in certain instances based on net sales of products that were made prior to but sold after patent expiry. In addition, we are entitled to royalties based on know-how provided to a licensee, noted below with respect to Lilly. In general, these agreements cover antibodies targeting antigens specified in the license agreements. Under our licensing agreements, we are entitled to receive a flat-rate royalty based upon our licensees’ net sales of covered antibodies.

Our total revenues from licensees under our Queen et al. patents were $121.5 million and $127.8 million , net of rebates and foreign exchange hedge adjustments, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 .


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Licensing Agreements for Marketed Products

In the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, we received royalties on sales of the ten humanized antibody products listed below, all of which are currently approved for use by the FDA and other regulatory agencies outside the United States.
 
Licensee
 
Product Names
Genentech
 
Avastin
 
 
Herceptin
 
 
Xolair
 
 
Lucentis
 
 
Perjeta ®
 
 
Kadcyla ®
 
 
 
Biogen
 
Tysabri
 
 
 
Chugai
 
Actemra ®
 
 
 
Roche
 
Gazyva ®
 
 
 
Takeda
 
Entyvio ®

Genentech

We entered into a master patent license agreement, effective September 25, 1998, under which we granted Genentech a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell certain antibody products.

On January 31, 2014, we entered into the Settlement Agreement with Genentech and Roche that resolved all existing legal disputes between the parties.

Under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, Genentech paid a fixed royalty rate of 2.125% on worldwide sales of Avastin, Herceptin, Xolair, Perjeta and Kadcyla occurring on or before December 31, 2015. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, PDL will no longer receive any royalties on these products after the first quarter of 2016. Pursuant to the agreement, Genentech and Roche confirmed that Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair and Perjeta are licensed products as defined in the relevant license agreements between the parties, and further agreed that Kadcyla and Gazyva are licensed products. With respect to Lucentis, Genentech owed no royalties on U.S. sales occurring after June 30, 2013, and paid a royalty of 2.125% on all ex-U.S.-based Sales occurring on or before December 28, 2014. The royalty term for Gazyva remains unchanged from the existing license agreement pertaining thereto.

The Settlement Agreement precludes Genentech and Roche from challenging the validity of PDL’s patents, including its SPCs in Europe, from contesting their obligation to pay royalties, from contesting patent coverage for Avastin, Herceptin, Lucentis, Xolair, Perjeta, Kadcyla and Gazyva and from assisting or encouraging any third party in challenging PDL’s patents and SPCs. The Settlement Agreement further outlines the conduct of any audits initiated by PDL of the books and records of Genentech in an effort to ensure a full and fair audit procedure. Finally, the Settlement Agreement clarifies that the sales amounts from which the royalties are calculated do not include certain taxes and discounts.

Biogen

We entered into a patent license agreement, effective April 24, 1998, under which we granted to Elan a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell antibodies that bind to the cellular adhesion molecule α4 in patients with multiple sclerosis. Under the agreement, we are entitled to receive a flat royalty rate in the low, single digits based on Elan’s net sales of the Tysabri product. Our license agreement with Elan entitles us to royalties following the expiration of our patents with respect to sales of licensed product manufactured prior to patent expiry in jurisdictions providing patent protection. In April 2013, Biogen completed its purchase of Elan's interest in Tysabri. All obligations under our patent license agreement with Elan were assumed by Biogen.

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Chugai

We entered into a patent license agreement, effective May 18, 2000, with Chugai, a majority owned subsidiary of Roche, under which we granted to Chugai a license under our Queen et al. patents to make, use and sell antibodies that bind to interleukin-6 receptors to prevent inflammatory cascades involving multiple cell types for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Under the agreement, we are entitled to receive a flat royalty rate in the low, single digits based on net sales of the Actemra product manufactured in the United States prior to patent expiry. The agreement continued until the expiration of the last to expire of our Queen et al. patents. Chugai is obligated to pay us royalties on net sales occurring prior to the expiration of any Queen et al. patent which covers the manufacture, use or sale of Actemra. Because the relevant patent rights expired in the fourth quarter of 2014, we did not receive any revenues from Actemra after the first quarter of 2015.

Licensing Agreements for Non-Marketed Products

Solanezumab is a Lilly-licensed monoclonal antibody for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. If this antibody for Alzheimer’s disease is approved, we would be entitled to receive a royalty based on a "know-how" license for technology provided in the design of this antibody. The 2% royalty payable for "know-how" runs for 12.5 years after the product's initial commercialization. It is currently in Phase 3 testing with results expected in late 2016. On March 15, 2016, Lilly announced a change to the primary endpoint of this trial. The original trial design included co-primary endpoints of cognition and function. Lilly amended the trial design to include a single primary endpoint of cognition. The functional outcomes will be measured as key secondary endpoints. Lilly explained that the change was prompted by emerging scientific evidence that cognitive declines precede and predict functional declines. The change in endpoints affects the study’s data analysis but does not otherwise change the conduct of the study.

Income Generating Asset Acquisitions

The last of PDL’s Queen et al. patents expired in December 2014, and we expect a material decrease in payments related to the Queen et al. patents after the first quarter of 2016. Consequently, we have been acquiring income generating assets when such assets can be acquired on terms that allow us to increase the return to our stockholders. These income generating assets are typically in the form of notes receivables, royalty rights, hybrid notes/royalty receivables and in some cases equity. We primarily focus our income generating asset acquisition strategy on commercial stage therapies and medical devices having strong economic fundamentals. However, we do not expect that our acquired income generating assets will, in the near term, replace completely the revenues we generated from our license agreements related to the Queen et al. patents. In the second quarter of 2016, our revenues will materially decrease after we stop receiving payments from these Queen et al. patent licenses and legal settlements, which accounted for 82% of our 2015 revenues. The continued success of the Company will become more dependent on the timing and our ability to acquire new income generating assets in order to provide recurring revenues going forward and to support our business model and ability to pay dividends.

Notes and Other Long-Term Receivables

We enter into credit agreements with borrowers across the healthcare industry, under which PDL makes available cash advances to be used by the borrower. The obligations under the credit agreements are generally secured by a pledge of substantially all of the assets of the borrower and any of its subsidiaries.

At March 31, 2016, PDL had a total of six notes or notes/royalty (hybrid) receivable transactions outstanding, which are summarized below.

CareView

Deal Summary

In July 2015, PDL entered into a credit agreement with CareView, under which the Company made available to CareView up to $40.0 million in two tranches of $20.0 million each. Under the terms of the credit agreement each tranche has a five-year maturity and outstanding borrowings under the credit agreement will bear interest at the rate of 13.5% per annum and are payable quarterly in arrears. Principal repayment will commence on the ninth quarterly interest payment date of each tranche of loans. The principal amount outstanding at commencement of repayment will be repaid in equal installments until final maturity of the loans. In addition, PDL has a security interest in substantially all of CareView’s assets.


39



In October 2015, PDL funded the first tranche of $20.0 million. The additional $20.0 million in the form of a second tranche continues to be available upon CareView’s attainment of specified milestones relating to the placement of CareView Systems and Consolidated EBITDA, to be accomplished no later than June 30, 2017.

Technology

CareView is a provider of products and on-demand application services for the healthcare industry by specializing in bedside video monitoring, archiving and patient care documentation systems and patient entertainment services.

kaléo

Deal Summary

In April 2014, PDL entered into a note purchase agreement with Accel 300, a wholly-owned subsidiary of kaléo, pursuant to which the Company acquired $150.0 million of secured notes due 2029. The secured notes were issued pursuant to an indenture between Accel 300 and U.S. Bank, National Association, as trustee, and are secured by the kaléo Revenue Interest and a pledge of kaléo's equity ownership in Accel 300.

The notes are backed by royalties in the form of 100 percent of the payments kaléo receives from its licensee based on net sales of kaléo’s first approved product, Auvi-Q (epinephrine auto-injection, USP) (known as Allerject™ in Canada) and 10 percent of net sales of kaléo’s second proprietary auto-injector based product, EVZIO (naloxone hydrochloride injection). The notes carry interest at 13% per annum, paid quarterly in arrears on principal outstanding. kaléo may redeem the notes at any time, subject to a redemption premium.

On February 18, 2016, PDL was advised that Sanofi and kaléo will terminate their license and development agreement later this year. On March 31, 2016, PDL was informed by kaléo that the license and development agreement was terminated and that all U.S. and Canadian commercial and manufacturing rights to Auvi-Q ® and Allerject ® had been returned to kaléo. All manufacturing equipment had also been returned to kaléo, and they intend to evaluate the timing and options for bringing Auvi-Q and Allerject back to the market. As part of our financing transaction, kaléo was required to establish an interest reserve account of $20.0 million from the $150.0 million provided by PDL. The purpose of this interest reserve account is to cover any possible shortfalls in interest payments owed to PDL. As of this date, despite the recall of Auvi-Q, it is projected that the interest reserve account alone is sufficient to cover possible interest shortfalls substantially through the second quarter of 2016. kaléo has indicated that it intends to make payments due to PDL under the note agreement until Auvi-Q is returned to the market.

Technology

Auvi-Q is used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) in people who are at risk for or have a history of these reactions.

EVZIO is approved for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose, as manifested by respiratory and/or central nervous system depression.

Paradigm Spine

Deal Summary

In February 2014, the Company entered into the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement, under which it made available to Paradigm Spine up to $75.0 million to be used by Paradigm Spine to refinance its existing credit facility and expand its domestic commercial operations. Of the $75.0 million available to Paradigm Spine, an initial $50.0 million, net of fees, was funded by the Company at the close of the transaction. The second and third tranches of up to an additional $25.0 million in the aggregate, net of fees, are no longer available under the terms of the Paradigm Spine Credit Agreement.

Subsequently PDL and Paradigm Spine agreed to amend the credit agreement to provide additional term loan commitments of up to $7.0 million payable in two tranches of $4.0 million and $3.0 million, of which the first tranche was drawn on the closing date of the amendment, net of fees, and the second tranche is to be funded at the option of Paradigm Spine prior to June 30, 2016.

Borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the rate of 13.0% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears.

40